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Importance of Accurate GHG Estimation for the Effective Promotion of Mitigation Policies

  • Hiroyuki UedaEmail author
  • Natsuko Matsuoka
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explains the importance of accurate estimation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for effective promotion of mitigation policies at the national and regional levels. Between 2011 and 2014, the Ministry of Environment of Indonesia and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) conducted a pilot project in the provinces of North Sumatra and South Sumatra to enhance the quality of their GHG inventory in the waste sector. Through the pilot project, methodologies for developing accurate activity data were developed, resulting in a decrease of GHG emissions from solid waste disposal sites (SWDSs) by approximately 30 %. Methane emissions from SWDSs in other provinces are also expected to decrease by approximately 30 % because their GHG estimation methods are similar to what had been the case in North Sumatra and South Sumatra before the pilot project started. This indicates the necessity of updating the national action plan for GHG emission reduction (RAN-GRK) along with the improvement of the GHG inventory.

Keywords

GHG inventory Mitigation action Methodology Tier Waste sector Waste composition survey Dry matter content survey Waste stream survey 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors would like to express our utmost gratitude to all those who supported the pilot project activities, the North Sumatra and South Sumatra Environmental Agency, Kota Prabumulih, Kabupaten Lahat, Kota Tebing Tinggi, the Bandung Institute of Technology, Sriwijaya University, North Sumatra University, Mr. Febrian Hadianta, the KLH SIGN center staff, and the waste pickers at the solid waste disposal sites. Further, the authors are sincerely grateful to Dr. Kousuke Kawai from the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Japan for sharing his views and providing guidance based on his wealth of professional experience.

References

  1. IPCC (2006) 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/
  2. JICA (2014a) JICA project of capacity development for climate change strategies in Indonesia. http://www.greenclimateproject.org/home/en. Accessed on 20 Dec 2014
  3. JICA (2014b) Summary report of waste stream survey in South Sumatra in 2014, JICA Project of capacity development for climate change strategies in Indonesia, Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  4. JICA (2015a) Result of SP3 pilot project activities in South Sumatra province, Seminar on result of KLH – JICA SP3 pilot project activities in waste sector from 2011 to 2015. Bandung, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  5. JICA (2015b) GHG emissions in the waste sector based on result of SP3 pilot project activities and impact to climate change policy, Seminar on result of KLH – JICA SP3 pilot project activities in waste sector from 2011 to 2015. Bandung, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  6. Ministry of Environment (2012) GHG Inventory Guideline for Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia. http://www.greenclimateproject.org/home/en/publications/31-counterparts-output/sp3-publication/national-level/68-ghg-inventory-guideline-for-indonesia-waste. Accessed on 20 Dec 2014

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JICA Project of Capacity Development for Climate Change Strategies in IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Mitsubishi UFJ Research and Consulting Co. LtdTokyoJapan

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