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Oocyte Cryopreservation

  • Javier DomingoEmail author
  • Ana Cobo
  • Antonio Pellicer
Chapter

Abstract

Fertility preservation has become an emerging discipline for any patient whose reproductive function is threatened. Oocyte vitrification is an established method that provides an excellent clinical outcome. It has become an important part of cancer treatment, but also for other non-oncological reasons, with age or the delay of motherhood as the most frequent reasons nowadays for patients to vitrify their oocytes in order to avoid the age-related infertility. Oocyte vitrification is also useful in different gynecological situations in the clinical practice in assisted reproductive technology (ART) where the delayed embryo transfer should be recommended, such as high risk of hyperstimulation syndrome, bleeding, or the presence of hydrosalpinx or polyps. Clinical pregnancy rates in both cancer and social indications are similar to those observed in conventional IVF treatments, with no increase in adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in children conceived from vitrified oocytes or embryos. But there are some limitations that must be known: limited number of IVF cycles depending on the number of vitrified MII oocytes, and survival rates after warming or the outcome of IVF with vitrified oocytes are highly dependent on maternal age at the time of freezing.

Keywords

Oocyte Cryopreservation Vitrification Fertility preservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IVI Las PalmasLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain
  2. 2.IVI ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.University and Polytechnic Hospital La FeValenciaSpain
  4. 4.University Medical SchoolValenciaSpain

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