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Oxidative Stress and C. elegans Models

  • Naoaki IshiiEmail author
  • Takamasa Ishii
  • Philip S. Hartman

Abstract

Oxidative stress is thought to be an important contributor to cellular and organismal aging. While there are many reports that support this notion, some recent evidence using transgenic animals indicates that oxidative defense systems, including antioxidant enzymes, may not affect life extension. This leads to speculation that oxidative stress does not play a major role in aging. However, it is difficult to ascertain the role of oxidative stress on aging under complex mechanisms of ROS production and the defense systems in normal cells that maintain a favorable redox balance. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has gained widespread favor for the study of many biological processes, including aging. Several lines of C. elegans research relating to oxidative stress and aging are discussed in this review, including the use of transgenic organisms with altered superoxide dismutase levels as well as studies that focus on mitochondrial mutations.

Keywords

Caenorhabditis elegans Aging Oxidative stress Reactive oxygen species Electron transport 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoaki Ishii
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takamasa Ishii
    • 1
  • Philip S. Hartman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Life ScienceTokai University School of MedicineIsehara, KanagawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiologyTexas Christian UniversityFort WorthUSA

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