Offshoring of Engineering Labor in Japanese Manufacturing SMEs: Evolution of the “Comprehensive Offshoring” Model

Chapter
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 17)

Abstract

While offshoring provides a significant opportunity for industrial development in emerging economies, it has been a quite controversial issue for developed economies mainly because of its impact on employment, especially of knowledge-intensive jobs. Although some data show the increase of the amount and extent of work that is relocated from Japan to emerging economies, little is known about the offshoring of high-value-added jobs including engineering labor. It is in this context that this chapter addresses two related questions by examining Japan’s die and mold industry: (1) To what extent do Japanese firms relocate jobs to emerging economies, and (2) why are Japanese firms engaging in offshoring more than ever? We argue that the offshoring practice has been evolved from partial offshoring to comprehensive offshoring and explore forces behind this evolution.

Keywords

Comprehensive offshoring Engineering labor Vietnam 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

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