Social Environment Analysis Regarding Arsenic-Contaminated Drinking Water in Bangladesh

  • Yosuke Fukushima
  • Yoshimi Hagihara
  • Kiyoko HagiharaEmail author
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 4)


Arsenic contamination of drinking water has long been a serious problem in Bangladesh. Many foreign institutions have provided support to Bangladesh in terms of constructing arsenic-free wells, providing arsenic removal equipments and so forth. However, most of them are not accepted by local residents because they cannot understand how to maintain the equipments or their effectiveness for reducing arsenic contamination. Furthermore, they find certain equipment is too inconvenient to use in their daily lives. A survey was conducted in two villages in Bangladesh in order to define the relationship between arsenic contamination in drinking water and their social environment. First, we attempt to analyse residents’ satisfaction with the drinking water available to them. Second, we introduce the unhappiness function in our model and finally, we identify alternatives acceptable to the residents by devising a structural model addressing distrust of external support.


Arsenic contamination Drinking water Acceptability Unhappiness function MIMIC model 


  1. Cramer, H. (1946). Mathematical methods of statistics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Hagihara, Y. (2008). Kankyo to bousai no doboku keikakugaku (Adaptive system planning methodology for environment risk management). Kyoto: Kyoto University Press (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  3. Hagihara, Y., Koizumi, A., Nishizawa, T., & Konda, T. (1979). Anketo chosa wo motonishita mizujyuyo-kouzo narabini sessui ishiki bunseki (Structure of water demand based on questionnaire survey and analysis on consciousness about saving water), Papers of civil engineering, Eisei Kougaku Kenkyu Toronkai Kouenronbunsyu (Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Environmental Research), 15, 188–193 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  4. Hagihara, Y., Hagihara, K., Hoque, B. A., Yamamura, S., Hatayama, M., Sakamoto, M., & Miyagishima, K. (2003). A study on disaster problems in Bangladesh from natural and social aspects. The Annuals of the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, No. 46B, pp. 15–30.Google Scholar
  5. Hossian, M. (1996). British geological survey technical report, Graphosman world atlas. Dhaka: Graphosman.Google Scholar
  6. Iida, Y., & Okada, N. (1992). Dobokukeikaku system bunseki (A systems analysis of infrastructure planning). Tokyo: Morikita Publishing Co. Ltd. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  7. Kawakita, J. (1966). Hasso-ho (Method for making ideas). Tokyo: Chuko Shinsho (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  8. Kinnburgh, D. G., & Smedly, P. L. (2000). Arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bangladesh, Vol. 2, final report, pp. 3–16.Google Scholar
  9. Shimizu, S., Hagihara, K., & Hagihara, Y. (2002). Ninshiki de-ta wo mochiita mizube no kannkyou-hyouka (Environmental valuation on waterside by using cognitive data). Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources, 15(2), 152–163 (in Japanese).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Singh, N., Bhattacharga, P., & Jacks, G. (2002). Women and water, the relevance of gender perspective in integrated water resources management in rural India. ICWRER 2002 Dresden, poster session Google Scholar
  11. Toyoda, H. (1998). Kyobunsan kozo bunseki (Covariance analysis: Structural equation modeling). Tokyo: Asakura Shoten (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  12. Yasuda, S., & Unno, M. (1977). Shakai toukeigaku (Social statistics). Tokyo: Maruzen (in Japanese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yosuke Fukushima
    • 1
  • Yoshimi Hagihara
    • 2
  • Kiyoko Hagihara
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.School of SociologyBukkyo UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations