Breeding-Back of Goldfish as a Practice that Mediates Between Experimental Biology and Aesthetics

Part of the Mathematics for Industry book series (MFI, volume 9)


Our current biological/aesthetic project called “Goldfish Liberation Movement” (GLM) is to return the goldfish to their ancestral wild-type, the crucian carp. The GLM is a new type of animal rights activity. We obtained first and second generations by crossbreeding commercial goldfish and verified each characteristic. Some fish were found to look similar to the crucian carp at least in its color and/or the shape. The aim of this project is searching for the relationship of the life and human being from the viewpoint of both experimental biology and cultural anthropology, by regarding the goldfish as a cultural model organism of an artificial life at the present time called the age of life science.


Bioart Biomedia art Goldfish Breeding-back Genetics Animal rights 



We thank Prof. Nobuaki Okamoto, Dr. Kunihiko Futami (Tokyo University of Marin Science and Technology) and Mr. Taichi Kawasumi (Tokyo University of Agriculture First Senior High School) for technical suggestions and the members of the metaPhorest platform and the Iwasaki Lab (Waseda University) for helpful discussion and continuous supports. This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid from the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (22520150), the Synthetic Aesthetics initiative (NSF, ESPRC) and the Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (2010A-503) to H. I. This aesthetic performance and study have been performed in the metaPhorest platform.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metaphorest (Biological/Bio-media Art Platform), Department of Electrical Engineering and BioscienceWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

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