Sustainable Development and Coastal Disasters: Linking Policies to Practices
Coastal areas are the driver of economic development, yet, over the last decade, more than 60 % of disaster losses have been confined to the coastal area. While on the one hand, the world has witnessed some deadly geo-hydro hazards in the past decade, rapid onset of climate change is also likely to intensify a range of hydrometeorological disasters impairing the world’s coast. Undoubtedly, this has severe developmental consequences. Furthermore, continual coastward migration, land development, urbanization, and loss of vital ecosystem services trigger a new set of worries in order to sustainably develop and manage coastal areas. Against this backdrop, this chapter highlights the key linkages between sustainable development and disaster risk reduction in coastal areas and addresses the emerging challenges in coastal zone management. The chapter provides an integrated framework and rationale for sustainable development of coastal areas with effective incorporation of disaster risk reduction. In conclusion, the chapter identifies some of the existing hindrances and provides an advocacy of ecosystem-based risk reduction in coastal areas.
KeywordsSustainable development Coastal zone management Coastal disasters Disaster risk reduction
The first author greatly acknowledges the Ministry of Education, Sports, and Culture of Japan (MEXT) scholarship provided by the Japanese government for conducting research in the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies of Kyoto University. The authors also acknowledge the support of GOCE-ARS (Sustainability/survivability science for a resilience society to extreme weather conditions) and Studies on the Connectivity of Hilltop, Human and Ocean (CoHHO) program of Kyoto University.
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