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Introduction

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Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

Human beings live in the circumstances which are mainly consist of artificial products including many metallic products. So, we are living in natural environment with artificial circumstances. We can’t return to old historical lives. 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycling) of artificial waste which can’t retuned to original state by themselves. 3R can reduce the consumption the primary resources, save energy and control of diffusion of harmful elements to nature, if they have done on the right way. This introduction showed what is “Urban Mining”, why we need it and how to develop it. A new further concept, “Artificial Deposits” was introduced in this short booklet to realize the urban mine development.

Keywords

  • Urban mining
  • Reduce
  • Reuse
  • Recycle
  • Artificial deposits

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55075-4_1
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References

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Correspondence to Takashi Nakamura .

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Nakamura, T., Halada, K. (2015). Introduction. In: Urban Mining Systems. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, Tokyo. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55075-4_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55075-4_1

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Tokyo

  • Print ISBN: 978-4-431-55074-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-4-431-55075-4

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)