Spatial Correlations of Changing Land Use, Surface Temperature (UHI) and NDVI in Delhi Using Landsat Satellite Images

Part of the Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences book series (AGES)


Urbanization has brought major changes on the land use/cover pattern, urban heat balance and environmental status of cities across the world. Hence, spatial relationships of changing land use/cover, surface temperature and NDVI were studied using Landsat 5 TM satellite data. Study reveals that built up and green spaces have increased in the city of Delhi on the cost of adjoining agricultural and marshy lands. The surface temperature has also increased for the all the land use/cover categories during the study period (2000–2010). The NDVI has increased for central Delhi, indicating improvement in forest and tree cover. The fringe, however, reveals the negative changes in NDVI values. The surface temperature and NDVI correlation does not show strong correlation. The NDVI does not explain the surface temperature conditions properly. In view of improvement of vegetation, the surface temperature was expected to decrease; instead it has increased irrespective of land use/cover. The highest temperature was found in agricultural land unlike other urban areas where urban areas show high temperature. Therefore, there is weak heat island in Delhi. It may be associated with patterns of land use/cover.


Delhi Surface temperature Urban heat island Urban micro-climate Vegetation index 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Delhi School of EconomicsUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Swami Shraddhanand CollegeUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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