Advertisement

Urban Growth in a Rapidly Urbanized Mega City: Wuhan

  • Jianquan Cheng
  • Jie Zhou
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences book series (AGES)

Abstract

Wuhan, the largest mega city in central China, is not only a historic and cultural city but also a regional economic, transportation and educational centre. In the past six decades, Wuhan has witnessed massive changes in national and local policies of urbanization and urban development. Its spatial and temporal growth has shaped a representative urban morphology, which is interpretable from socio-economic and spatial processes in each corresponding period. Since 2000, Wuhan has entered a new era of economic boom and started the construction of metro system. However, such rapid urban development has addressed great challenges to local urban planning. After reviewing the process of its urban growth and evaluating the roles of urban planning, this paper aims to analyze the challenging issues in transport, population ageing, migration and environment and ecology. We argue the current local data infrastructure is insufficient to support comprehensive or integrated planning in Wuhan.

Keywords

Planning Transport Urban growth Urban morphology 

References

  1. Carter JG (2011) Climate change adaptation in European cities. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 3(3):193–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cheng J (1999) Urban systems engineering. Press of Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan, p 230 (in Chinese). ISBN 7-81030-698-9Google Scholar
  3. Cheng J (2011) Exploring urban morphology using multi-temporal urban growth data: a case study of Wuhan China. Asian Geogr 28(2):85–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cheng J, Berterloni L (2013) Measuring urban job accessibility with competitions, distance decay and diversity. J Transport Geogr 30:100–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cheng J, Masser I (2003) Urban growth pattern modelling, a case study of Wuhan, P.R. China. Landsc Urban Plann 62(4):199–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheng J, Masser I (2004) Understanding spatial and temporal processes of urban growth: cellular automata modelling. Environ Plann Plann Des 31(2):167–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheng J, Turkstra J, Peng M, Du N, Ho P (2006) Urban land administration and planning in China: opportunities and constraints of spatial data models. Land Use Pol 23(4):604–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cheng J, Berterloni L, le Clercq F, Kapoen L (2013a) Understanding urban networks: comparing a node-, a density- and an accessibility-based view. Cities 31:165–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cheng H, Li M, Zhao C, Li K, Peng M, Qin A, Cheng X (2013b) Overview of trace metals in the urban soil of 31 metropolises in China. J Geochem Explor 139:31–52Google Scholar
  10. Cheng J, Young C, Zhang X, Owusu K (2014) Comparing inter-migration within the European Union and China: an initial exploration. Migrat Stud (in press)Google Scholar
  11. Cinderby S (2010) How to reach the ‘hard-to-reach’: the development of Participatory Geographic Information Systems (P-GIS) for inclusive urban design in UK cities. Area 42(2):239–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Du N, Ottens H, Sliuzas R (2010) Spatial impact of urban expansion on surface water bodies—A case study of Wuhan China. Landsc Urban Plann 94:175–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Feng Q, Wu S, Du Y, Li X, Ling F, Xue H, Cai S (2011) Variations of PM10 concentrations in Wuhan, China. Environ Monit Assess 176(1–4):259–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gilroy R (2012) Physical threats to older people’s social worlds: findings from a pilot study in Wuhan, China. Environ Plann A 44(2):458–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gilroy R (2013) Changing landscapes of support in the lives of Chinese urban elders: voices from Wuhan neighbourhoods. Environ Plann C Govern Pol 31(3):428–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Han S, Wu X (2004) City profile: Wuhan. Cities 21(4):349–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huang J, Du N, Liu P, Han S (2013) An exploration of land use mix around residence and family commuting caused carbon emission. Urban Plann Int 28(2):25–30Google Scholar
  18. Innes EJ, Gruber J (2005) Planning styles in conflict. J Am Plann Assoc 271:177–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li X, Xiao R, Yuan S, Chen J, Zhou J (2010) Urban total ecological footprint forecasting by using radial basis function neural network: a case study of Wuhan city, China. Ecol Indicat 10:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu S-J (2000) On Wuhan’s urban development strategy. Macro Strategy Wuhan 7:26–29 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Pan J, Han W (2013) Spatial and temporal changes of urban morphology of provincial capital cities or above in China. J Nat Resour 28(3):470–480Google Scholar
  22. Pi M (1996) Wuhan urban construction history (recent times). Wuhan Press, WuhanGoogle Scholar
  23. Tian L, Shen T (2011) Evaluation of plan implementation in the transitional China: a case of Guangzhou city master plan. Cities 28:11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang W, Fan C (2012) Migrant workers’ integration in urban China: experiences in employment, social Adaptation, and self-Identity. Eurasian Geogr Econ 53(6):731–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wu F (1998) The new structure of building provision and the transformation of the urban landscape in metropolitan Guangzhou, China. Urban Stud 35(2):259–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu Q-Z (2002) The urban flood control and mitigation in the 21st century. Urban Plann Rev 137:68–70 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Xie B (2012) Spatial distribution characteristics and spatial planning strategy of the elderly population in the metropolis. PhD Dissertation, Wuhan UniversityGoogle Scholar
  28. Xu K, Kong C, Liu G, Wu C, Deng H, Zhang Y, Zhuang Q (2010) Changes of urban wetlands in Wuhan, China, from 1987 to 2005. Progr Phys Geogr 34(2):207–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yang Z, Tang Z, Shen Z, Niu J, Wang H (2011) One-hundred-year sedimentary record of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban lake sediments from Wuhan, Central China. Water Air Soil Pollut 217:577–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yeh AG, Wu F (1999) The transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economy. Progr Plann 51(3):167–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yuan J-C, Yin D-C (1997) Historical development and the global city construction in Wuhan. Zhongnan Univ Finance Econ 2:94–100 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Zeng Y-H, Cai S-M (2002) Influence of the geographical environment on Wuhan’s urban economic development in modern time. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin 11(4):358–362 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Zhang L (2008) Conceptualizing China’s urbanization under reforms. Habitat Int 32:452–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang M, Wang L (2013) The impacts of mass transit on land development in China: the case of Beijing. Res Transport Econ 40:124–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhou S, Dai J, Bu J (2013) City size distributions in China 1949 to 2010 and the impacts of government policies. Cities 32:S51–S57CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Science and the EnvironmentManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK
  2. 2.School of Urban DesignWuhan UniversityWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations