Thoracic Subarachnoid Phenol Block (Landmark Technique, X-ray-Guided)

  • Masako IsekiEmail author


Thoracic subarachnoid block is a technique suitable for treating chest and/or back pain localized to either side of the body. While this block treatment can be conducted using the landmark technique, it should be performed under X-ray guidance in order to improve the interspinal position of the needle and better predict the spread of the drug. In recent years, subarachnoid blocks have also been carried out under ultrasonic echo examinations.


Intrathecal block Phenol block Neurolytic block 



I am grateful to Dr.Yutaka Tanabe and Dr. Shinzo Tubota for generously providing the photographs included in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain ManagementJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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