Robotics for Safety and Security

  • Tatsuo Arai
  • Hiroko Kamide


Certain societal issues, such as the rapidly growing aged society and the increase in crimes, imply that service robots are required to operate in a safe manner. It is important to discuss the two aspects of the safety of robots: physical safety and mental safety. A kind of physical safety is discussed by showing an example of technology: a humanoid robot capable of carrying a wheelchair user. As for mental safety aspect, a new psychological scale is developed to quantify general impressions toward humanoids, using 11 different humanoid robots and 3543 Japanese respondents. It is revealed that nine factors are used for evaluating the general impressions of robots: familiarity, repulsion, performance, utility, motion, sound, voice, humanness, and agency.


Safety and security Service robot Mental safety Pushing manipulation by a humanoid Human factors 



We would like to express our appreciation to researchers who provided us with movies of robots and checked them: Satoshi Koizumi (Robovie), Yutaka Nakamura, Ryota Hiura (Wakamaru), Kazuhito Yokoi (HRP-2, HRP-4C), Minoru Asada, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Takashi Minato, and Yuichiro Yoshikawa (Neony, CB2, Repliee Q2, Geminoid, Geminoid F).


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute of Electrical CommunicationTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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