Attention and Preference of Humans and Robots


Receipt of response from a robot is a well-known effective factor for the formation of human preference toward the robot and has been utilized for improving human-robot interaction. In this chapter, three hypothetical phenomena regarding this preference formation are derived from recent findings of human cognitive processes and past studies: receipt of proxy response, provoked attention, and mirrored attention. Three psychological studies using human-robot interaction are reviewed, and thereby the ideas, effects, and possibilities of utilizing these phenomena are illustrated.


Social robot Nonverbal channel Attentive behavior The feeling of being attended Receipt of direct response Receipt of proxy response Provoked attention Mirrored attention Preference formation Bystander robot James and Lange Gaze cascade effect Heider’s balance theory 


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© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan

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