Ethological Response to Periodic Stimulation in Chara and Blepharisma

  • Itsuki Kunita
  • Sho Sato
  • Tetsu Saigusa
  • Toshiyuki Nakagaki
Open Access
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Information and Communications Technology book series (PICT, volume 6)


To study how organism responds to periodic stimulation is meaningful since it may be an approach to an elementary capacity of time memory and learning in chronological events. We reported here that the ability of time memory found in true slime mold Physarum was also found in a protozoan ciliate, Blepharisma japonicum and a green plant Chara. Stimulation of temperature or light was repeated several times in a regular period, and the creature anticipated the next timing of stimulation. After the anticipatory behavior disappeared some time later, another single stimulation triggered recalling of periodicity of the previous stimulation. We discuss that the observed capacity is expected to be common in a range of species as the similar capacity has been reported in true slime mold Physarum. The observed responses were, however, dependent of individual of organism and a wide range of different responses was observed. We need an extensive study of both experimental characterization and mathematical modeling of ethological dynamics. abstract environment.


Physarum cell memory subcellular computing primitive intelligence 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Itsuki Kunita
    • 1
  • Sho Sato
    • 2
  • Tetsu Saigusa
    • 3
    • 4
  • Toshiyuki Nakagaki
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Future University HakodateHakodateJapan
  2. 2.School of Science, Department of Biological SciencesHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medical SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  4. 4.Research on DementiaJapan Foundation for Aging and HealthChitaJapan
  5. 5.JST, CRESTChiyoda-kuJapan

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