Aerodynamics and Flight Stability of Bio-inspired, Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicles

  • Hao Liu
  • Xiaolan Wang
  • Toshiyuki Nakata
  • Kazuyuki Yoshida
Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 65)


In this chapter, we present an integrated study of flexible wing aerodynamics and passive dynamic flight stability of a prototype bio-inspired, flapping-wing micro air vehicle (MAV) by a combination of flexible wing kinematics and force measurements and computational approaches. The MAV is weighted 2.4–3.0 g, equipped with an X-type wing and a wingspan of 12–15 cm. A bio-inspired, dynamic flight simulator is utilized to evaluate the aerodynamic performance of the flexible wing MAV. This simulator, by integrating the modeling of realistic wing-body morphology and realistic flapping-wing and body kinematics, is capable to provide an evaluation of the MAV’s unsteady aerodynamics in terms of vortex and wake structures and their relationship with aerodynamic force generation.


Flapping Micro air vehicle Flexible wing aerodynamics Flight stability Computational fluid dynamics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaolan Wang
    • 3
  • Toshiyuki Nakata
    • 4
  • Kazuyuki Yoshida
    • 5
  1. 1.Chiba UniversityChibaJapan
  2. 2.Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Chiba University International Cooperative Research Center (SJTU-CU ICRC)ShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Sharp, LtdTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyThe University of OxfordOxfordUK
  5. 5.Fiber Optics Components & System DivisionFujikura LtdChibaJapan

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