Long-Term Monitoring of Natural Forests and Their Database (Forest Dynamics Database: FDDB) Constructed by the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan

  • Kaoru Niiyama
  • Masaaki Takyu
  • Satoko Kawarasaki
  • Mifuyu Ogawa
  • Tamotsu Sato
  • Takashi Masaki
Chapter

Abstract

Humans should receive the fruits of biodiversity through ecosystem services. Forest ecosystems have various types of service based on the diversity of organisms and its large biomass. For example, tropical rainforests have supplied huge amounts of timber to developed countries, and nontimber products have played a critical role in restricted areas of life for local populations. These services differ in spatiotemporal scales and socioeconomic values. Some are local or regional, and others are international. There are several areas of confusion and many discussions about the definitions of ecosystem processes, functions, and services (Wallace 2007). However, it is true that ecosystem services of a forest depend on the structure and dynamics of forest itself.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaoru Niiyama
    • 1
  • Masaaki Takyu
    • 2
  • Satoko Kawarasaki
    • 3
  • Mifuyu Ogawa
    • 4
  • Tamotsu Sato
    • 3
  • Takashi Masaki
    • 3
  1. 1.Tohoku Research CenterForestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Incorporated Administrative AgencyMoriokaJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Forest Ecology, Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Regional Environmental ScienceTokyo University of AgricultureTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Forest VegetationForestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Incorporated Administrative AgencyTsukubaJapan
  4. 4.Department of Forest EntomologyForestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Incorporated Administrative AgencyTsukubaJapan

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