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Tieftemperaturtribologie

  • Horst Czichos
  • Karl-Heinz Habig
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  • 14k Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Die Tieftemperaturtribologie beschäftigt sich mit Tribomaterialien und tribologischen Systemen der Kryotechnik, die im Temperaturbereich unterhalb von 120 K (–153 °C) arbeitet. Dies ist der Bereich der tiefkalten verflüssigten Gase wie, Stickstoff, Wasserstoff und Helium mit Siedepunkten bei 77, 20 und 4,2 K. Flüssigerdgas, das neben Wasserstoff als alternativer Kraftstoff diskutiert wird, siedet bei 112 K und fällt somit auch in diesen Bereich. Die Bedeutung der Kryotechnik lässt sich bereits mit zwei Beispielen illustrieren
  • Medizintechnik: Flüssiges Helium ist beispielsweise in der medizinischen Diagnostik für die Kühltechnik von Kernspintomografen unentbehrlich.

  • Automobiltechnik: Das große Energiepotential, das z. B. in flüssigem Wasserstoff als Treibstoff steckt, ist aus der Raketentechnik bekannt. Heute existieren bei allen großen Automobilherstellern Prototypen mit Wasserstoffantrieb und es gibt konkrete Überlegungen für deren Markteinführung (siehe z. B. www.h2mobility.org).

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Kapitel 17

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© Vieweg+Teubner Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2010

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  • Horst Czichos
  • Karl-Heinz Habig

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