Congenital Heart Disease and Cardiomyopathies

  • Heiko Mahrholdt
  • Anja Wagner
  • Udo Sechtem


Every year more than 1.5 million children with congenital heart defects are born worldwide (incidence 5–12 in 1000 children, distribution see Table 13.1) [40]. Since surgical and interventional techniques have improved continuously, long-term survival of people affected by congenital heart disease has increased, resulting in more than 20,000 patients reaching adulthood in Europe and the United States every year [40]. Therefore sophisticated postinterventional follow-up and monitoring techniques are becoming increasingly important in clinical routine.


Congenital Heart Disease Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Left Atrium Patent Ductus Arteriosus Ventricular Septal Defect 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiko Mahrholdt
  • Anja Wagner
  • Udo Sechtem

There are no affiliations available

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