Advertisement

Building Theories from IT Project Design: The HOPES Case

  • Paolo SpagnolettiEmail author
  • Andrea Resca
  • Valentina Russo
  • Francesco Taglino
  • Laura Tarantino
Conference paper

Abstract

Design science is increasingly attracting the interest of scholars in the field of Information Systems. Starting from a design problem, a researcher selects the kernel theories from which to derive prescriptions for the meta-requirements, the product features (meta-design), the design process (design method) and some testable design product and process hypotheses. The theoretical contribution of this research stream is related to both the new artifact and the practical guidelines for developing it. In this paper we argue that design science as a research strategy can also have an impact on the available knowledge on the social phenomenon to which the design problem refers. In fact, especially when multi-disciplinary teams participate to the design of an IT system, kernel theories can benefit from the different perspectives of actors involved. The design process of a multimedia platform providing innovative social e-services to European elderly persons and their social entourage represents the case study for supporting our hypothesis.

References

  1. 1.
    Baskerville R., Lyytinen K., Sambamurthy V. and Straub D. (2011) A Response to the Design-Oriented Information Systems Research Memorandum, European Journal of Information Systems 20: 11–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D’Atri, A., Ferrara, M., George J.F. and Spagnoletti P. (Eds.), (2011) Information Technology and Innovation Trends in Organizations, Springer, Germany.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dubin, R. (1978) Theory Building, revised edition, London: Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fischer C., Winter R. and Wortmann F. (2010) Design Theory, Business & Information Systems Engineering 6: 387–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fisk A.D., Rogers W.A., Charness N., Czaja S.J, Sharit J. (2004) Designing for Older Adults, CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Furlong W. J., Feeny D.H., Torrance G.W. and Barr R.D. (2001) The Health Utilities Index (HUI) Systems for Assessing Health Related Quality of Life in Clinical Studies, Ann Med 33(5): 375–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gregor S. and Jones D. (2007) The Anatomy of a Design Theory, Journal of AIS 8(5), Art 2.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gregor S (2006) The Nature of Theory in Information Systems. MIS Quarterly, 30(3): 611–642Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hevner A.R., March S.T., Park J. and Ram S. (2004) Design Science in Information Systems Research, MIS Quarterly 28(1): 75–105.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kind P., Brooks R. and Rabin R. (editors), (2005) EQ-5D Concepts and Methods: a Developmental Story, Springer.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Markus M.L., Majchrzak A. and Gasser L. (2002) A Design Theory for Systems that Support Emergent Knowledge Processes, MIS Quarterly 6(3): 172–212.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nonaka, I., von Krogh, G. (2009) Tacit Knowledge and Knowledge Conversion: Controversy and Advancement in Organizational Knowledge Creation Theory, Organization Science 20 (3): 635–652. doi: 10.1287/orsc.1080.0412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ostrom, E. (2000) Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms, Journal of Economic Perspectives 14(3): 137–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Preece, J. (2002) Supporting Community and Building Social Capital, Communication of the ACM 45(4): 37–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pries-Heje J., Baskerville R. (2008)The Design Theory Nexus, MIS Quarterly 32(4): 731–755.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Simon, H. (1996) The Sciences of the Artificial, 3 rd edition, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Singhal, Amit (2001) Modern Information Retrieval: A Brief Overview, IEEE Data Engineering Bullettin 24 (4): 35–43.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Spagnoletti P. and Resca A. (2012) A Design Theory for IT Supporting Online Communities, 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science. Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stockdale R. and Borovicka M. (2006) Developing an Online Business Community: A Travel Industry Case Study, Proc of the 39th Hawaii Intl Conf on System Sciences. Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Van Aken, J. (2004) Management Research Based on the Paradigm of the Design Sciences: The Quest for Field-tested and Grounded Technological Rules, Journal of Management Studies 41(2): 219–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Walls, J. G., G. R. Widmeyer, and O. A. El Sawy (1992) Building an Information System Design theory for Vigilant EIS, Information Systems Research 3(1): 36–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Walls, J. G., G. R. Widmeyer, and O. A. El Sawy (2004) Assessing Information System Design Theory in Perspective: How Useful Was Our 1992 Rendition?, Journal of Information Technology Theory and Practice, 6(2): 43–58.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Spagnoletti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea Resca
    • 1
  • Valentina Russo
    • 2
  • Francesco Taglino
    • 3
  • Laura Tarantino
    • 4
  1. 1.CeRSI – LUISS Guido Carli UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.University of Rome “CAMPUS Bio-Medico”RomeItaly
  3. 3.IASI-CNR, National Research CouncilRomeItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica e dell’InformazioneUniversità degli Studi dell’AquilaL’AquilaItaly

Personalised recommendations