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Abstract

Three classes of phenolic metabolite overwhelmingly predominate in the leaves of vascular plants (2). These are respectively:

  1. (i)

    proanthocyanidins — procyanidins (1, R = H) and prodelphinidins (1, R = OH) (25),

  2. (ii)

    glycosylated flavonols (principally those of kaempferol, quercetin and myricetin) (20), and

  3. (iii)

    esters, amides and glycosides of the hydroxycinnamic acids (principally those of p-coumaric, caffeic, ferulic and sinapic acids) (31).

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Haslam, E. (1982). The Metabolism of Gallic Acid and Hexahydroxydiphenic Acid in Higher Plants. In: Herz, W., Grisebach, H., Kirby, G.W. (eds) Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products. Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, vol 41. Springer, Vienna. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-8656-5_1

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