Jointing of Vitrified Clay Sewer Pipe

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
Part of the Applied Mineralogy book series (MINERALOGY, volume 9)


When the first sewer collection systems were installed, leak-proof sewer lines were not considered to be necessary. As a matter of fact, leaking lines were often considered to be desirable because in low areas leaking joints contributed to the lowering of the ground-water level. Little thought was given to the exfiltration of sewer waters into the ground, since pure-water systems were being installed in urban areas at about the same time as sewer systems.


Maleic Anhydride Polyester Resin Ammonium Perchlorate Sewer Pipe Dioctyl Phthalate 
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  1. 1.
    Winding, C. C., and G. D. Hiatt: Polymeric Materials. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
    • 1
  1. 1.New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred UniversityAlfredUSA

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