Decoration, Panels, and Packaging

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
Part of the Applied Mineralogy book series (MINERALOGY, volume 9)


Sand-coated surfaces are a type of decoration applied to face bricks, and they can be provided in nearly every color imaginable. The soft-mud process requires a coating of sand for forming, but this necessity is exploited to produce bricks of a variety of colors—very often copying the appearance of antique, hand-molded products. Sanded surfaces are also widely used on stiff-mud bricks, simulating the appearance of soft-mud bricks. This type of decoration, as well as all other types, can be produced in such a wide range of colors that chromatology will not be discussed extensively in this chapter. The colors produced by the control of the oxidation state of iron was discussed at length in Chapt. 6. Other transition-element oxides and previously prepared pigments are subject to the same basic principles. Our considerations of the decoration of structural clay products will be involved largely with textural appearances.


Cadmium Sulfide Sewer Pipe Sodium Hexametaphosphate Floor Tile Wall Tile 
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    Groskaufmanis, E.: Ceramic glazes on structural clay materials. J. Can. Ceram. Soc. 27, 108–11 (1958).Google Scholar
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    Thomas, D. W.: Preparation and application of engobes to brick. Brick Clay Rec. 142, 58–62 (1963).Google Scholar
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    Jacobs, C. W. F.: Glazes for brick and structural clay products. Ceramic News 13, 9, 16 (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
    • 1
  1. 1.New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred UniversityAlfredUSA

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