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Abstract

Cannabis saliva L. (family Moraceae) is a dioecious plant of which two varieties exist, var. indica and var. non indica or typica. The flowering top of the female plant is covered with glandular hairs which secrete a resin. The resin formation ceases when the seeds mature and its function is to protect them during the ripening period. The cannabis resin is known as “hashish” in the Middle East and Europe and as “charas” in India. Frequently not only the resin but the whole flowering top is collected and used. It is then known as “ganja” in India, “kif” in North Africa, “dagga” in South Africa, “marihuana” in North America, “maconha” in Brazil, etc.

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Mechoulam, R., Gaoni, Y. (1967). Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Hashish. In: Zechmeister, L. (eds) Fortschritte der Chemie Organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products / Progrès dans la Chimie des Substances Organiques Naturelles. Fortschritte der Chemie Organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products / Progrès dans la Chimie des Substances Organiques Naturelles, vol 25. Springer, Vienna. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-8164-5_6

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