Nutritional state and abnormal metabolism of nutrients
Malnutrition is common but underdiagnosed.
Alterations in energy metabolism and nutritional status are similar to those observed in starvation.
Hepatic encephalopathy, sepsis, and muscle wasting occur pari passu with a negative nitrogen state.
Correction of malnutrition may improve the clinical outcome of these patients.
The occasional need for protein and sodium restriction in these patients conflicts directly with nutritional requirements.
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