• Nikolai Kolev
  • Günter Huemer
  • Michael Zimpfer


The past decade has been marked by a trend from invasive to noninvasive intraoperative monitoring. As far as respiratory monitoring is concerned, initial experience with transcutaneous gas analysis laid the foundation for widespread clinical use of pulse oximetry and end-tidal gas analysis. It has been long recognized that echocardiography might become an equally useful adjunct to cardiovascular monitoring.


Myocardial Ischemia Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Transesophageal Echocardiography Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cahalan MK. Non-invasive cardiovascular monitoring. 41st Annual Refresher Course Lectures, ASA, Las Vegas, p 411, 1990Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cahalan MK. Myocardial ischemia and performance. Anesth Clin North Am 9: 581–590, 1991Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harpole DH, Clements FM, Quill T, Wolfe WG, Jones RH, McCann RL. Right and left ventricular performance during and after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Ann Surg 209: 356–362, 1989PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kikura M, Shanevise JS, Levy JH. Intraoperative assessment of myocardial function. Curr Opin Anesth 7: 42–57, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reich DL, Konstand SN, Nejat M, Abrams HP, Buseck J. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography for the detection of cardiac preload changes induced by transfusion and phlebotomy in pediatric patients. Anesthesiology 79: 10 - 15, 1993PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leung JM, Levine E, Mangano MD. Intraoperative preload estimation using trans¬esophageal echocardiography (Abstr). Anesthesiology 77: A125, 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ellis JE, Shah MN, Briller JE, Roizen MF, Aronson S, Feinstein SB. A comparison of methods for detection of myocardial ischemia during noncardiac surgery: Automated ST-segment analysis system and transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 75: 764–772, 1992PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harris, SN, Gordon MA, Urban MK, O’Connor TZ, Barash PG. The pressure rate quotient is not an indicator of myocardial ischemia in humans. Anesthesiology 78: 242–250, 1993PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Owall A, Ehrenberger J, Brodin LA. Myocardial ischemia as judged from transesophageal echocardiography and ECG in the early phase after coronary artery bypass surgery. Acta Anaesth Scand 37: 92–96, 1993PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Voci P, Bilotta F, Aronson S, Scibilia G, Caretta Q, Mercanti C, Marino B, This ted R, Roizen MF, Reale A. Echocardiographic analysis of dysfunctional and normal segments before and immediately after coronary bypass graft surgery. Anesth Analg 75: 213–218, 1992PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Simpson JI. Anesthesia and the patient with co-existing heart disease. Little, Brown, Boston, p 61, 1993Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pearlman AS, Gardin JM, Martin RP. Guidelines for optimal physical training in echocardiography: Recommendation of the American Society of Echocardiography. Committee for Physician Training in Echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 60: 158 - 163, 1987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heinrich H. Intraoperative echocardiography. In: Roelandt JRT, Sutherland GR, Iliceto S, Linker DT, eds. Cardiac Ultrasound. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp 799–802, 1993Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wong T, Detsky AS. Perioperative cardiac risk assessment for patients having peripheral vascular surgery. Ann Int Med 116: 743–753, 1992PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rafferty T, LaMantia KR, Davis E, Phillips D, Harris S, Carter J, Ezekowitz M, McKloskey G, Godek H, Kraker P, Jaeger D, Kopriva C, Barash P. Quality assurance for intraoperative transesophageal monitoring: A case report of 846 procedures. Anesth Analg 76: 228–232, 1993PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai Kolev
    • 1
  • Günter Huemer
    • 1
  • Michael Zimpfer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and General Intensive CareUniversity of ViennaAustria
  2. 2.University of ViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations