Intracranial Aneurysm Cerebral Aneurysm Cerebral Vasospasm Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Aneurysm Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aaronson NK (1988) Quality of life: What is it? How should it be measured? Oncology 2: 69–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Aaslid R, Markwalder TM, Nornes H (1982) Noninvasive transcranial Doppler ultrasound recording of flow velocities in basal cerebral arteries. J Neurosurg 57: 769–774CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Adams JE, Witt JA (1964) The use of the otological microscope in the surgery of aneurysms. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Meeting of the Neurological Society of America. Litchfield Park, ArizonaGoogle Scholar
  4. Adams HP, Kassell NF, Torner JC, Sahs AL (1983) CT and clinical correlations in recent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a preliminary report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology 33: 981–988CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Adams JP, Kassell NF, Torner JC (1985) Usefulness of computed tomography in predicting outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a preliminary report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology 35: 1263–1267CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Adams HP, Kassell NF, Torner JC, Haley EC (1987) Predicting cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: influences of clinical condition, CT results, and antifibrinolytic therapy. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology 37: 1586–1591CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Albright F (1929) The syndrome produced by aneurysm at or near the function of the internal carotid artery and the circle of Willis. Johns Hopkins Hosp Bull 44: 215–245Google Scholar
  8. Alexander MSM, Dias PS, Uttley D (1986) Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and negative cerebral panangiography. J Neurosurg 64: 537–542CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Alexander MP, Freedman M (1984) Amnesia after anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture. Neurology 34: 752–757CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Allison RS, Hurwitz LJC (1967) On perseveration in aphasics. Brain 90: 429–448CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Ámelang M, Borkenau P (1982) Über die faktorielle Struktur und externe Validität einiger Fragebogen-Skalen zur Erfassung von Dimensionen der Extraversion und emotionalen Labilität. Z Diff Diagnost Psychol 3: 119–145Google Scholar
  12. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington DC: American Psychiatric AssociationGoogle Scholar
  13. Amthauer R (1953) Der Intelligenz-Struktur-Test IST. Göttingen: Hogrefe VerlagGoogle Scholar
  14. Anderson C, Laubscher S, Burns R (1996) Validation of the short form 36 (SF-36) health survey questionnaire among strong patients. Cerebrovasc Dis 6: S7Google Scholar
  15. Anderson SW, Tranel D, Damasio H (1988) The use of tumor and stroke patients in neuropsychological research: a methodological critique. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 10: S32Google Scholar
  16. Anderson SW, Damasio H, Jones RD, Tranel T (1991) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance as a measure of frontal lobe damage. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 13: 909–922CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Anzai Y, Simon HA (1979) The theory of learning by doing. Psychol Rev 86: 124–140CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Arena R, Gainotti G (1978) Constructional apraxia and visuopractic disabilities in relation to laterality of cerebral lesions. Cortex 14: 463–473PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Arnold U, Pössl J (1995) Psychopathologische Diagnostik. In: von Cramon DY, Mai N, Ziegler W (Hrsg) Neuropsychologische Diagnostik. London, Weinheim: Chapman & Hall, pp 287–310Google Scholar
  20. Artiola I, Fortuny L (1978) Improvement in visual and haptic deficits in a neurosurgical population. Dissertation abstracts international 38: 6214 BGoogle Scholar
  21. Artiola I, Fortuny L, Prieto-Valiente L (1981) Long-term prognosis in surgically treated intracranial aneurysm. Part 2: Morbidity. J Neurosurg 54: 55–43Google Scholar
  22. Ask-Upmark E, Ingvar D (1950) A follow-up examination of 138 cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Med Scand 88: 15–31Google Scholar
  23. Aboderin I, Venables G (1996) For the Pan European Consensus Meeting on Stroke Management in Europe. J Int Med 240: 173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Attenberry-Bennett J, Barth JT, Loyd B, Lawrence EC (1989) The relationship between behavioural and cognitive deficits, demographics and depression in patients with minor head injuries. Clin Neuropsychol 5: 114–117Google Scholar
  25. Auer S, Gallhofer B, Auer LM (1985) What does full recovery after acute aneurysm operation mean? A psychological study. In: Auer LM (ed) Timing of aneurysm surgery. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, pp 129–132Google Scholar
  26. Auer LM, Schneider GH, Auer T (1986) Computerized tomography and prognosis in early aneurysm surgery. J Neurosurg 65: 217–221CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Awad IA, Carter P, Spetzler RF, Medina M, Williams FW (1987) Clinical vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: response to hypervolemic hemodilution and arterial hypertension. Stroke 18: 365–372CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Bailes JE, Spetzler RF, Hadley MN, Baldwin HZ, Zabramski JM (1990) Management morbidity and mortality of poor-grade aneurysm patients. J Neurosurg 72: 559–566CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Bäk JS, Greene RL (1981) A review of the performance of aged adults on various WechslerMemory Scale subtests. J Clin Psychol 37: 186–188CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Bamford}, Sandercock P, Dennis M, Burn J, Warlow C (1990) A prospective study of acute cerebrovascular disease in the community: the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project-1981–86. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 53: 16–22CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Barbarotto R, De Santis A, Basso A, Spagnoli D, Capitani E (1989) Neuropsychological follow-up of patients operated for aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery and posterior communicating artery. Cortex 25: 275–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Barker FG, Ogilvy CS (1996) Efficacy of prophylactic nimodipine for delayed ischemic deficit after subarachnoid hemorrhage: A metaanalysis. J Neurosurg 84: 405–414CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Batjer H, Samson D (1986) Intraoperative aneurysm rupture: incidence, outcome and suggestions for surgical management. Neurosurgery 18: 701–707CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Bäumler G (1985) Der Farbe-Wort-Interferenztest (FWIT). Göttingen: Hogrefe Verlag Beadles CF (1907) Aneurisms of the larger cerebral arteries. Brain 30: 285–336Google Scholar
  35. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiat 4: 561–571CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Benton AL (1968) Differential effects of frontal lobe disease. Neuropsychologia 6: 53–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Benton AL (1981) Der Benton Test. Bern, Stuttgart, Wien: Huber VerlagGoogle Scholar
  38. Ben-Yishay Y, Piasetsky EB, Rattok J (1987) A systematic method for ameliorating disorders in basic attention. In: Meier MJ, Benton AL, Diller L (eds) Neuropsychological rehabilitation. Edinburgh, London: Churchill Livingstone, pp 165–181Google Scholar
  39. Bergner M, Bobbitt RA, Carter WB, Gilson BS (1981) The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Med Care 19: 787–805CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Bertalanffy H, Seeger W (1991) The dorsolateral, suboccipital, transcondylar approach to the lower clivus and anterior portion of the craniocervical junction. Neurosurgery 29: 815–821CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Beukelman DR, Flowers, CF, Swanson PD (1980) Cerebral disconnection associated with anterior communicating artery aneurysm: Implications for evaluation of symptoms. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 61: 18–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Blumer D. Benson DG (1975) Personality changes with frontal and temporal lobe lesions. In: Benson DF, Blumer D (eds) Psychiatric aspects of neurologic disease. New York: Grune & Stratton, pp 151–169Google Scholar
  43. Bonita R, Thompson S (1985) Subarachnoid hemorrhage: epidemiology, diagnosis, management and outcome. Stroke 16: 591–594CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Borkenau P, Amelang M (1986) Zur faktorenanalytischen Kontrolle sozialer Erwünscht-heitstendenzen. Eine Untersuchung anhand des Freiburger Persönlichkeits-Inventars. Zeitschr Diff Diagnost Psychol 7: 17–28Google Scholar
  45. Bornstein RA, Weir BK, Petruk KC, Disney LB (1987) Neuropsychological function in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 21: 651–654CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Botterell EH, Lougheed WM, Scott JW, Vandewater SL (1956) Hypothermia and interruption of carotid, or carotid and vertebral circulation, in the surgical management of intracranial aneurysms. J Neurosurg 13: 1–42CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Bramwell B (1886) Clinical and pathological memoranda. IV. Case of aneurism of the right internal artery. Edinburgh Med J 32: 97–101Google Scholar
  48. Brandt L, Sonesson B, Ljunggren B, Säveland H (1987) Ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm with intracerebral hemorrhage in younger patients appearing moribund: emergency operation? Neurosurgery 20: 925–929CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Brickenkamp R (1978) Test d2 Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungs-Test. Göttingen: Hogrefe Verlag Brinker T, Seifert V, Dietz H (1992) Cerebral blood flow and intracranial pressure during experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 115: 47–52Google Scholar
  50. Brion S, Derome P, Guiot G, Teitgen M (1968) Syndrome de Korsakoff par aneurisme de l’artere communicante anterieure; le probleme des syndromes de Korsakoff par hemorrhagic meningee. Rev Neurol 118: 293–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Brismar J, Sundbärg G (1985) Subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown origin: prognosis and prognostic factors. J Neurosurg 63: 349–354CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Broadbent DN (1958) Perception and communication. London: Pergamon PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Brouwers PJAM, Dippel DWJ, Vermeulen M, Lindsay KW, Hasan D, van Gijn J (1993) Amount of blood on computed tomography as an independent predictor after aneurysm rupture. Stroke 24: 809–814CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Bullinger M, Ludwig M, von Steinbüchel N (1991) Lebensqualität bei kardiovaskulären Erkrankungen. Göttingen, Toronto, Zürich: Hogrefe VerlagGoogle Scholar
  55. Bullinger M (1997) Gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualität und subjektive Gesundheit. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 47: 76–91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Busch G (1986) Rehabilitation bei malignen Hirntumoren. Neurochirurgia 25: 35–38Google Scholar
  57. Busch G (1987) Rehabilitation of patients with organic brain damage after diseases requiring neurosurgery. In: Wüllenweber R, Klinger M, Brock M (eds) Advances in Neurosurgery. Vol 75. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 255–258Google Scholar
  58. Canavan AGM, Janota I, Schurr PH (1985) Luria’s frontal lobe syndrome: psychological and anatomical considerations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 48: 1049–1053CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Carter BS, Buckley D, Ferrano R, Manno E, Ogilvy CS (1996) Long-term outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage: physical, psychiatric, and social recovery in Hunt & Hess Grade I-III patients. J Neurosurg 84: 355A–356AGoogle Scholar
  60. Chansky N (1967) Validity of the Benton Visual Retention Test. Percept Mot Skills 24: 1126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Charbel FT, Ausman JI, Dias FG, Malik GM, Dujovny M, Sanders J (1991) Temporary clippingin aneurysm surgery: Technique and results. Surg Neurol 36: 83–90CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Chyatte D, Fode NC, Sundt TM (1988) Early versus late intracranial aneurysm surgery in subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 69: 326–331CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Chyatte D, Chen TL, Bronstein K, Brass LM (1994) Seasonal fluctuation in the incidence of intracranial aneurysm rupture and its relationship to changing climatic conditions. J Neurosurg 81: 525–530CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Chelune GJ, Heaton RK, Lehman AW (1986) Neuropsychological and personality correlates of patients complaints of disability. In: Goldstein G, Tarter RE (eds) Advances in clinical neuropsychology Vol III. New York, London: Plenum Press, pp 95–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Chernik DA, Tucker M, Gigli B, Yoo K, Paul K, Laine H, Siegel JC (1992) Validity and reliability of the Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale. J Clin Psychopharmacol 12: 43–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Cioffi F, Pasqualin A, Cavazzani P, Da Pian R (1989) Subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown origin: clinical and tomographical aspects. Acta Neurochir 97: 31–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Compton JS, Redmond S, Symon L (1987) Cerebral blood velocity in subarachnoid haemorrhage: A transcranial Doppler study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 50: 1499–1503CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Corkin S, Cohen NJ, Sullivan EV, Clegg RA, Roden TJ (1985) Analyses of global memory impairments of different etiologies. Ann New York Acad Sci 444: 10–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Crockett D, Bilsker D, Hurwitz T, Kozak J (1986) Clinical utility of three measures of frontal lobe dysfunction in neuropsychiatric samples. Intern J Neurosci 30: 241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Crowell RM, Morawetz RB (1977) The anterior communicating artery has significant branches. Stroke 8: 272–273CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Cubbitt AW (1930) Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage with Korsakoff s psychosis. Br Med J 9: 212–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Dahl G (1972) WIP-Revidierter Wechsler Intelligenztest. Meisenheim: Hain VerlagGoogle Scholar
  73. Dam H, Peterson HE, Ahlgren P (1989) Depression among patients with stroke. Acta Psychiat Scand 80: 118–124CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Damasio AR, Graff-Radford NR, Eslinger PJ, Damasio H, Kassell N (1985a) Amnesia following basal forebrain lesions. Arch Neurol 43: 263–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Damasio AR, Eslinger PJ, Damasio H, Graff-Redford NR (1985b) Multimodal amnesic syndrome following bilateral temporal and basal forebrain damage. Arch Neurol 42: 252–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Damasio AR, Tranel D, Damasio H (1989) Amnesia caused by herpes simplex encephalitis, infarctions of the basal forebrain, Alzheimer’s disease and anoxia/ischemia. In: Squire L, Gainotti G (eds) Handbook of neuropsychology Vol 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp 149–166Google Scholar
  77. Dandy WE (1938) Intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery, cured by operation. Ann Surg 107: 654–657CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Dandy WE (1939) The treatment of internal carotid aneurysms within the cavernous sinus and cranial chamber. Report of 3 cases. Ann Surg 109: 689–711CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Dandy WE (1944) Intracranial arterial aneurysms. Ithaca, New York: Comstock, Cornell University, pp 1–147Google Scholar
  80. David M, Pertuiset B, Guyot JF (1968) La cure radicale des aneurysmes de la communicante anterieure sans resection cerebrale chez le malade conscient. Considerations cliniques postoperatoire. Rev Neurol 118: 150–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. DeLuca J (1990) Predicting behavioral patterns following anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 71: 828Google Scholar
  82. DeLuca J, Cicerone KD (1991) Confabulation following aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. Cortex 27: 417–423PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. DeLuca J (1992a) Rehabilitation of confabulation: The issue of unawareness of deficit. Neuro Rehabil 2: 23–30Google Scholar
  84. DeLuca J (1992b) Cognitive dysfunction after aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 14: 924–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. DeLuca J (1993) Predicting neurobehavioral patterns following anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Cortex 29: 639–647PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Deruty R, Patet JD, Mottolese C, Portilla F (1988) Long-term outcome of the management of ruptured intracranial aneurysm: Review of 328 consecutive patients treated over a period of 12 years. Neurol Res 10: 217–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Deruty R, Pelissou-Guyotat I, Mottolese C, Bognar L, Oubouklik A (1992) Surgical management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 119: 35–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Deruty R, Pelissou-Guyotat I, Mottolese C, Amat D, Bognar L (1995) Level of consciousness and age as prognostic factors in aneurysmal SAH. Acta Neurochir 132: 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. De Santis A, Laiacona M, Barbarotto R, Basso A, Villani R, Spagnoli D, Capitani E (1989) Neuropsychological outcome of patients operated upon for an intracranial aneurysm. Analysis of general prognostic factors and of the effects of the location of the aneurysm. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 52: 1123–1140Google Scholar
  90. Devinsky O, Morrell MJ, Vogt BA (1995) Contributions of anterior cingulate cortex to behavior. Brain 118: 279–306CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Disney L, Weir B, Grace M (1988) Factors influencing the outcome of aneurysm rupture in poor grade patients: A prospective series. Neurosurgery 23: 1–9CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Dorman P, Farrell B, Dennis M, Sandercock P (1996) Health related quality of life after stroke: a randomized comparison of the EuroQuol and SF-36 questionnaires in 2252 survivors of acute stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis 6: S152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Dott NM (1933) Intracranial aneurysms: cerebral arterio-graphy: surgical treatment. Edinburgh Med J 40: 219–240Google Scholar
  94. Dott NM (1969) Intracranial aneurysmal formations. Clin Neurosurg 16: 1–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Drake CG, Vanderlinden RG (1967) The late consequences of incomplete surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysms. J Neurosurg 27: 226–238CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Drake CG (1979) Giant intracranial aneurysms: experience with surgical treatment in 174 patients. Clin Neurosurg 26: 12–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Drake CG (1981) Progress in cerebrovascular disease. Management of cerebral aneurysm. Stroke 12: 273–283CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Drake CG, Freedman AH, Peerless SJ (1984) Failed aneurysm surgery - reoperation in 115 cases. J Neurosurg 61: 848–856CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Drewe EA (1974) The effect of type and area of brain lesion on Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance. Cortex 10: 159–170PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Drewe EA (1975) Go-no go learning after frontal lobe lesions in humans. Cortex 11: 8–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Ebrahim S, Barer D, Nouri F (1986) Use of the Nottingham Health Profile with patients after stroke. J Epidemiol Comm Health 40: 166–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Ecker A, Riemenschneider PA (1951) Art¨¦riographie demonstration of spasm of the intracranial arteries with special reference to saccular arterial aneurysms. } Neurosurg 8: 660–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Ellenbogen RG, Scott RM (1991) Transfalcine approach to a callosomarginal artery aneurysm. Neurosurgery 29: 140–143CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Erikson KT (1976) Loss of communality at Buffalo Creek. Am J Psychiatry 133: 302–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Erikson RC, Scott ML (1977) Clinical memory testing: A review. Psychol Bull 84: 1130–1149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Eskesen V, Soerensen EB, Rosenoern J, Schmidt K (1984) The prognosis in subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown etiology. J Neurosurg 61: 1029–1031CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Essen CV, Jakobson K-E, Löfgren J, Roos A, Starmark J-E, Stephensen H, Bitting M, Svensson E (1991) Complexity of recovery following ruptured intracranial aneurysm and operation. Paper presented at the Annual Congregation of the Sweedish Medical Association in Stockholm, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  108. Fahrenberg J, Hampel R, Selg H (1984) Das Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar FPL Revidierte Fassung FPI-R. Göttingen: Hogrefe VerlagGoogle Scholar
  109. Fahrenberg J, Hampel R, Selg H (1985) Die revidierte Form des Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventars FPI-R. Diagnostica 31: 1–21Google Scholar
  110. Feinstein AR, Josephy BR, Wells CK (1986) Scientific and clinical problems in index of functional disability. Ann Intern Med 105: 413–420PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Ferbert A, Hubo I, Biniek R (1992) Non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage with normal angiogram. J Neurol Sei 107: 14–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Feuerberg I, Lindquist C, Lindquist M, Steiner L (1987) Natural history of postoperative aneurysm rests. J Neurosurg 66: 30–34CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Fields F (1971) Relative effects of brain damage on the Wechsler memory and intelligence quotients. Dis Nerv Syst 32: 673–675PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Findlay JM, Weir BKA, Kanamaru K, Grace M, Baughman R (1990) The effect of timing of intrathecal fibrinolytic therapy on cerebral vasospasm in a primate model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 26: 201–206CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Findlay JM, Weir BKA, Kassell NF, Disney LB, Grace MGA (1991) Intracisternal recombinant tissue plasminogen activator after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 75: 181–188CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Findlay JM, Grace MGA, Weir BKA (1993) Treatment of intraventricular hemorrhage with tissue plasminogen activator. Neurosurgery 32: 941–947CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Fisher CM, Roberson GH, Ojemann RG (1977) Cerebral vasospasm with ruptured saccular aneurysm - the clinical manifestations. Neurosurgery 1: 245–258CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Fisher CM, Kistler JP, Davis JM (1980) Relation of cerebral vasospasm to subarachnoid hemorrhage visualized by computerized tomographic scanning. Neurosurgery 6: 1–9CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Flanagan JC (1975) The concept of quality of life for American community members. Soc Ind 63: 56–59Google Scholar
  120. Flanagan JC (1982) Measurement of quality of life: current state of the art. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 63: 56–59PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Flateau E (1921) Sur les hemorrhagies meningees idiopathique. Gaz des Hopitaeux 94: 1077–1081Google Scholar
  122. Forssell A, Larsson C, R’nnberg J, Fodstad H (1995) CT assessment of subarachnoid haemorrhage. A comparison between different CT methods of grading subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br J Neurosurg 9: 21–27CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Fox JL (1983) Intracranial aneurysms. Vol I¡ªIII. New York, Berlin: SpringerCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Friedman WA, Chadwick GM, Verhoeven FJS, Mahla M, Day AL (1991) Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during surgery for middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery 29: 83–88CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Fuster JM (1989) The prefrontal cortex, 2nd ed. New York: Raven PressGoogle Scholar
  126. Gade A (1982) Amnesia after operations on aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery. Surg Neurol 18: 46–49CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Gade A, Mortensen EL (1990) Temporal gradient in the remote memory impairment of amnesic patients with lesions in the basal forebrain. Neuropsychologia 28: 985–1001CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Gailhofer B, Auer LM (1982) Spontaneous course after subarachnoid haemorrhage: Evaluation of 109 patients. Acta Neurochir 63: 67–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Gerber CJ, Lang DA, Neil-Dwyer G, Smith PW (1993) A simple scoring system for accurate prediction of outcome within four days of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 122: 11–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Gilsbach JM, Eggert HR (1983) Early operations on ruptured aneurysms. In: Jensen HP, Brock M, Klinger M (eds) Advances in Neurosurgery Vol 2. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 79–82Google Scholar
  131. Gilsbach JM, Härders AG, Eggert HR, Hornyak ME (1988a) Early aneurysm surgery: a 7 year clinical practice report. Acta Neurochir 90: 91–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Gilsbach JM, Härders AG, Hornyak ME, Seeger W (1988b) Is early aneurysm surgery indicated in the elderly? Geriat Cardiovasc Med 1: 73–79Google Scholar
  133. Gilsbach JM (1988) Nimodipine in the prevention of ischemic deficits after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage - an analysis of recent clinical studies. Acta Neurochir 95: 41–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Gilsbach JM, Härders AG (1989) Morbidity and mortality after early aneurysm surgery-a prospective study with nimodipine prevention. Acta Neurochir 96: 1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Gilsbach JM, Reulen HJ, Ljunggren B, Brandt L, von Holst H, Mokry M, van Essen C, Conzen MA (1990) Early aneurysm surgery and preventive therapy with intravenously administered nimodipine: a multicenter, double-blind, dose-comparison study. Neurosurgery 26: 458–464CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Gilsbach JM, Poeck K, Piscol K (1993) Hirngefäßaneurysmen. In: Hopf HC, Poeck K, Schliack H (Hrsg) Neurologie in Klinik und Praxis. Vol III. Stuttgart, New York: Thieme, 2.1–2.25Google Scholar
  137. Gilsbach JM, Mayfrank L, Lennartz B (1996) Versorgung des Schädel-Hirn-Traumas im neurochirurgischen Zentrum. Chirurg 67: 1114–1122CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. Goldberg E, Costa LD (1986) Qualitative indices in neuropsychological assessment. An extension of Lurias approach to executive deficit following prefrontal lesion’s. In: Grant I, Adams K (eds) Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders. New York: Oxford University Press, pp 68–84Google Scholar
  139. Goldberg E, Bilder RM (1987) The frontal lobes and hierarchical organisation of cognitive control. In: Perecman E (ed) The frontal lobes revisited. New York: IRBN Press, pp 159–187Google Scholar
  140. Goldenberg G, Wimmer A, Holzner F, Wessely P (1985) Apraxia of the left limbs in a case of callosal disconnection: The contribution of medial frontal lobe damage. Cortex 21: 135–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Goldflam S (1923) Beitrag zur Ätiologie und Symptomatologie der Spontanen Subarach-noidalen Blutungen. Deutsch Z Nervenh 76: 158–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Gomez FB, Dujovny M, Umansky F, Berman SK, Diaz FG, Ausman J, Mirchandani HG, Ray WJ (1986) Microanatomy of the anterior cerebral artery. Surg Neurol 26: 129–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Grady CL, Grimes AM, Petronas N (1989) Divided attention as measured by dichotic speed performance in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Arch Neurol 46: 317–330CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Graf CJ (1971) Prognosis for patients with non-surgically treated aneurysms. J Neurosurg 35: 438–443CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Greenberg IM (1984) Cerebral aneurysm rupture during neurosurgery. Neurosurgery 15: 243–245CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Gronwall D, Wrightson P (1974) Delayed recovery of intellectual function after minor head injury. Lancet 2: 995–997Google Scholar
  147. Grote E, Hassler W (1988) The first critical minutes after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 22: 654–661CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Guglielmi G, Vinuela F, Sepetka I, Macellari V (1991) Electrothrombosis of saccular aneurysms via endovascular approach. Part 1: Electrochemical basis, technique, and experimental results. J Neurosurg 75: 1–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Guillard A, Fenelon G, Mahieux F (1991) Les alterations cognitives au cours de la maladie de parkinson.Rev Neurol 147: 337–355PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Gurusinghe NT, Richardson AE (1984) The value of computed tomography in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The concept of CT-score. J Neurosurg 60: 763–770CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Hahlweg K, Kühnlein I (1981) Die Bewährung des Benton Test in der psychiatrischen Klinik: I Aufgabenanalyse und Bestimmung der inneren Konsistenz; II Konstruktvalidität und differentielle Gültigkeit. Diagnostica 27: 1–17Google Scholar
  152. Hall AJ (1929) Three cases of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage; With especial reference to the occurrence of massive albuminuria and Korsakow’s syndrome. Br Med J 8: 1025–1028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Hall DP, Young SA (1992) Frontal lobe cerebral aneurysm rupture presenting as psychosis. J Neurosurg 55: 1207–1208Google Scholar
  154. Hall JC, Toal R (1957) Reliability (internal consistency) of the Wechsler Memory Scale. J Consult Psychol 21: 131–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Hall S, Bornstein RA (1991) The relationship between intelligence and memory following mi nor head injury: greater impairment in memory than in intelligence. J Neurosurg 75:378–381CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Halstead WC (1947) Brain and intelligence: a quantitative study of the frontal lobes. Chicago: University Press of ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  157. Hamburger C, Schönberger J, Lange M (1992) Management and prognosis of intracranial giant aneurysms. A report on 58 cases. Neurosurg Rev 15: 97–103CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Hampl J, Berger H, Degenhard M, Irle E, Kunert J, Kunze S (1990) Postoperative long-term results after aneurysm surgery among patients treated with Nimodipine. In: Bushe KA, Brock M, Klinger M (eds) Advances in neurosurgery. Vol 18. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 227–232Google Scholar
  159. Handa Y, Hayashi M, Takeuchi H, Kubota T, Kobayashi H, Kawano H (1992) Time course of the impairment of cerebral autoregulation during chronic cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage in primates. J Neurosurg 76: 493–501CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Härders AG, Gilsbach JM (1987) Time course of blood velocity changes related to vasospasm in the circle of Willis measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasound. J Neurosurg 66: 718–728CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Härders AG, Laborde G, Droste DW (1992) Mental activity and changes in cerebral blood flow evaluated by transcranial Doppler sonography. In: Schmiedek P, Einhäupl K, Kirsch CN (eds) Stimulated cerebral blood flow. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 200–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Hardemark HG, Almquist O, Johansson T, Pahlman S, Persson L (1989) S-100 protein in cerebrospinal fluid after aneurysmal subarachnoidal haemorrhage: relation to functional outcome, late CT, and SPECT changes, and signs of higher cortical dysfunction. Acta Neurochir 99: 135–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Hasan D, Tanghe HLJ (1992) Distribution of cisternal blood in patients with acute hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Ann Neurol 31: 374–378CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Hasan D, Van Peski J, Loeve I, Krenning EP, Vermeulen M (1992) Single photon emission computed tomography in patients with acute hydrocephalus or with cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 54: 490–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Hashimoto N, Handa H (1982) The fate of untreated symptomatic cerebral aneurysms: Analysis of 26 patients with clinical course of more than five years. Surg Neurol 18: 21–26CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Hassler O (1961) Morphological studies on the large cerebral arteries with reference to the aetiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arch Neurol Scand (Suppl) 159: 1–14Google Scholar
  167. Hauerberg J, Eskesen V, Rosenorn J (1994) The prognostic value of intracerebral haematoma as shown on CT scanning after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br J Neurosurg 8: 333–339CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Hautzinger M (1981) Kognitive Therapie der Depression. München, Wien, Baltimore: Urban und SchwarzenbergGoogle Scholar
  169. Heaton RK, Pendieton MG (1981) Use of neuropsychological tests to predict adult patients everyday functioning. J Consult Clin Psychol 49: 807–821CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Heaton RK, Chelune GJ, Talley JL, Kay GG, Curtiss G (1993) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test manual 2nd ed. Odessa, Florida: Psychological Assessment ResourcesGoogle Scholar
  171. Hecaen H, Albert ML (1975) Disorders of mental functioning related to frontal lobe pathology. In: Benson DF, Blumer D (eds) Psychiatric aspects of neurologic diseases. New York: Grune&Stratton, pp 137–147Google Scholar
  172. Heiskanen O, Vilkki J (1981) Intracranial arterial aneurysm in children and adolescents. Acta Neurochir 59: 55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Heiskanen O, Poranen A, Kuurne T, Valtonen S, Kaste M (1988) Acute surgery for intracerebral haematomas by rupture of an intracranial arterial aneurysm. A prospective randomized study. Acta Neurochir 90: 81–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Herman E (1925) Quelques considerations sur les hemorrhagies sous-arachnoidiennes. Rev Neurol 1: 993–996Google Scholar
  175. Hernesniemi JM, Vapalathi M, Niskanen M, Tapaninaho A, Kari A, Luukkonen M, Puranen M, Saari T, Pajpar M (1993) One-year outcome in early aneurysm surgery: a 14 years experience. Acta Neurochir 122: 1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J (1990) Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke 21: 1156–1161CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Hodes JE, Aymard A, Gobin YP, Rüfenacht D, Bien S, Reizine D, Gaston A, Merland JJ (1991) Endovascular occlusion of intracranial vessels for curative treatment of unclippable aneurysms. J Neurosurg 75: 694–701CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Hodgson J (1815) A treatise on the diseases of arteries and veins, containing the pathology and treatment of aneurysms and wounded arteries. London, pp 76–78Google Scholar
  179. Holms JM (1958) The medical management of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br Med J 1: 788–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Hori S, Suzuki J (1979) Early intracranial operations for ruptured aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 46: 93–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Horn W (1983) Das Leistungsprüfsystem LPS. Göttingen: Hogrefe VerlagGoogle Scholar
  182. Hornyak M, Gilsbach JM, Härders A (1991) Clinical significance of computed tomography in early aneurysm surgery. Neurochirurgia 34: 135–140PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Horowitz M (1975) Intrusive and repetitive thoughts after experimental stress. Arch Gen Psychiatry 32: 1457–1463CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Hounsfield GN (1973) Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography). Br J Radiol 46: 1016–1047CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. House A, Dennis M, Warlowe C, Hawton K, Molyneux A (1990) Mood disorders after stroke and their relation to lesion location - A CT scan study. Brain 113: 1113–1129CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Huber M, Emunds H, Herholz K, Karbe H, Heiss WD (1990) Prognostische Bedeutung des regionalen zerebralen Glukosestoffwechsels bei zerebralem Insult. In: von Wild K, Janzik HH (Hrsg) Neurologische Frührehabilitation. München, Bern, Wien, San Francisco: Zuckschwerdt Verlag, pp 153–171Google Scholar
  187. Huber W, Poeck K, Weniger D, Willmes K (1983) Aachener Aphasie Test. Göttingen: Hogrefe VerlagGoogle Scholar
  188. Hughes JT, Oppenheimer DR (1969) Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system. Acta Neuropathol 13: 56–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Hughes JT, Schianchi PM (1978) Cerebral artery spasm: a histological study of necropsy of the blood vessels in cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 48: 515–525CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Hunt WE, Meagher JN, Barnes JE (1960). The management of intracranial aneurysm. J Neurosurg 19: 34–40Google Scholar
  191. Hunt WE, Hess RM (1968) Surgical risk as related to time of intervention in the repair of intracranial aneurysms. J Neurosurg 28: 14–20CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Hutchinson TA, Boyd NF, Feinstein AR, Gonda A, Hollomby D, Vrowat B (1979) Scientific problems in clinical scales as demonstrated in the Karnofsky index of performance status. J Chron Dis 32: 661–663CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Hussein S, Archilli MM (1996) Microanatomy and supplying areas of the anterior cerebral artery-anterior communicating artery-complex (ACA-ACoA-complex). Zbl Neurochir 57: S25Google Scholar
  194. Hütter BO (1990) Anforderungen an die Untersuchung der Lebensqualität von Patienten mit Hirntumoren. 5. Tagung der Neuroonkologischen Arbeitsgruppe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie in Köln. Book of Abstracts, pp 17–18Google Scholar
  195. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1992) Cognitive deficits after rupture and early repair of anteriorCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. communicating artery aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 116: 6–13Google Scholar
  197. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1993) Which neuropsychological deficits are hidden behind a good outcome (Glasgow = I) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage? Neurosurgery 33: 999–1006CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM, Kreitschmann I (1994) Is there a difference in cognitive deficits after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown origin? Acta Neurochir 127: 129–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1995a) Introspective capacities in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 17: 499–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1995b) Lebensqualität bei Patienten mit Hirnschädigung: Entwicklung und psychometrische Überprüfung des Aachener Lebensqualitätsinventars. In: Schwarz R, Bernhard J, Flechtner H, Küchler Th, Hürny Ch (Hrsg) Lebensqualität in der Onkologie. Vol II. München, Bern, Wien, New York: Zuckschwerdt Verlag, pp 132–138Google Scholar
  201. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM, Kreitschmann I (1995) Quality of life and cognitive deficits in patients after subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br J Neurosurg 9: 465–475CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Hütter BO, Engeil B, Huber W (1995) Entwicklung eines Instrumentariums zur Erfassung der Lebensqualität bei Aphasikern. Nervenheilkunde 14: 34–37Google Scholar
  203. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1996a) Early neuropsychological sequelae of aneurysm surgery and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 138: 1370–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1996b) Das Aachener Lebensqualitätsinventar für Patienten mit Hirnschädigung: Entwicklung und methodische Gütekriterien. In: Möllers HJ, Engel RR, Hoff P (Hrsg) Befunderhebung in der Psychiatrie: Lebensqualität, Negativsymptomatik und andere aktuelle Entwicklungen. Wien, Berlin, New York: Springer, pp 83–101Google Scholar
  205. Hütter BO, Claßen K, Gilsbach JM (1996) Kognition und Lebensqualität von Patienten mit frontalen, umschriebenen niedriggradigen Gliomen. Zbl Neurochir 57: S63–64Google Scholar
  206. Hütter BO, Würtemberger G (1997a) Validity and Reliability of the German version of the Sickness Impact Profile in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Psychology and Health 12: 149–159 Hütter BO, Würtemberger G (1997b) Lebensqualität bei chronisch-obstruktiven Lungenerkrankungen: Psychometrische Gütekriterien der deutschen Version des Sickness Impact Profiles (SIP) und erste Ergebnisse der Anwendung. Pneumologie 51: 108–114Google Scholar
  207. Hütter BO (1997a) Neuropsychologische Folgen von Frontalhirnschädigungen I: Funktionelle Neuroanatomie und kognitive Beeinträchtigungen. Nervenheilkunde 16: 317–322Google Scholar
  208. Hütter BO (1997b) Neuropsychologische Folgen von Frontalhirnschädigungen II: Kritische Überlegungen zum sogenannten “Frontalhirnsyndrom”, Fragen der Diagnostik und Theorien der Frontalhirnfunktion. Nervenheilkunde 16: 429–434Google Scholar
  209. Hütter BO, Niemann K, Coenen VA, Gilsbach JM (1997a) Disorders of memory functions and the hippocampal formation: Findings in patients with well-defined unilateral lesions. Exp Brain Res 117: S38Google Scholar
  210. Hütter BO, Niemann K, Coenen VA, Küker W, Gilsbach JM, Thron A (1997b) Digital 3-D lesion analysis of the hippocampal formation: Neuropsychological effects of well-defined unilateral lesions. In: Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (eds) Neuropsychology in neurosurgery, psychiatry and neurology. Aachen: Augustinus Verlag, pp 35–36Google Scholar
  211. Hütter BO (1998) Psychologic adjustment in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage.Neuropsychiat Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 11: 22–30Google Scholar
  212. Hütter BO, Kreitschmann-Andermahr I, Gilsbach JM (1998) Cognitive deficits in the acute stage after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 43: 1054–1065CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Hütter BO, Kreitschmann-Andermahr I, Mayfrank L, Spetzger U, Rohde V, Gilsbach JM (1999) Functional outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 72: 157–174Google Scholar
  214. Hütter BO, Fischer G (2000) Clinimetric evaluation of the German version of the Impact of Event Scale (IES). J Traum Stress (in press)Google Scholar
  215. Hütter BO, Mayfrank L, Gilsbach JM (submitted) Neuropsychological sequelae of lumbar puncture and shunting in patients with malresorptive hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage: report of four cases.Google Scholar
  216. Ichise M, Chung DG, Wang P, Wortzman G, Gray BG, Franks, W (1994) Technetium-99-HMPAO Spect CT and MRI in the evaluation of patients with chronic traumatic brain injury: A correlation with neuropsychological performance. J Nucl Med 35: 217–226PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Inagawa T, Yamamoto M, Kamiya K (1990) Effect of clot removal on cerebral vasospasm. J Neurosurg 72: 224–230CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Inagawa T, Kamiya K, Matsuda (1991) Effect of continuous cisternal drainage on cerebral vasospasm. Acta Neurochir 112: 28–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Inagawa T (1994) Timing of admission and management outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surg Neurol 41: 268–276CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Irle E, Wowra B, Kunert HJ, Hampl J, Kunze S (1992a) Memory disturbance following anterior communicating artery rupture. Ann Neurol 31: 473–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Irle E, Wowra B, Kunert J, Peper M, Hampl J, Kunze S (1992b) Differential disturbances of memory and mood following striatum and basal forebrain lesions in patients with ruptures of the anterior communicating artery. In: Piscol M, Klinger M, Brock M (eds) Advances in neurosurgery, Vol 20. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 191–197Google Scholar
  222. Jabre A, Symon L (1987) Temporary vascular occlusion during aneurysm surgery. Surg Neurol 27: 47–63CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Jane JA, Kassell NF, Torner JC, Winn HR (1985) The natural history of aneuryms and arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg 62: 321–323CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Jennett B, Bond M (1967) Assessment of outcome after severe brain damage. A practical scale. Lancet 1: 480–484Google Scholar
  225. Jennett B, Teasdale G (1977) Aspects of coma after severe head injury. Lancet 23: 878–881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. Jennett B, Snoek J, Bond MR, Brooks W (1981) Disability after severe head injury: observations on the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 44: 285–293CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. Johnson RJ, Potter JM, Reid RG (1958) Arterial spasm in subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 21: 58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Juul R, Fredriksen TA, Ringkjoeb R (1986) Prognosis in subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown etiology: mechanical considerations. J Neurosurg 64: 359–362CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Kahnemann D (1973) Attention and effort. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Kaku Y, Yonekawa Y, Tsukahara T, Kazekawa K (1992) Superselective intra-arterial infusion of papaverine for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 77: 842–847Google Scholar
  230. Kapur N, Coughlan AK (1980) Confabulation and frontal lobe dysfunction. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 43: 461–463CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. Karnath O, Zimmermann P, Wallesch CW (1991) Mental planning and anticipatory processes with acute and chronic frontal lobe lesions: A comparison of maze performance in routine and non-routine situations. Neuropsychologia 29: 271–290CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Karnofsky DA, Burchenal JH (1949) The clinical evaluation of chemotherapeutic agents in cancer. In: McCleod CM (ed) Evaluation of chemotherapeutic agents. New York: Columbia University Press, pp 191–205Google Scholar
  233. Kassell NF, Boarini DJ, Adams HP, Sahs AL, Graf CJ, Torner HC, Gerk MK (1981) Overall management of ruptured aneurysm: comparison of early and late operation. Neurosurgery 9:120–128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. Kassell NF, Torner JC (1983) Aneurysmal rebleeding: a preliminary report from the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurosurgery 13: 479–481CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Kassell NF, Sasaki T, Colohan AR, Nazar G (1985) Cerebral vasospasm following aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke 16: 562–572CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Kassell NF, Torner JC, Haley EC, Jane JA, Adams HP, Kongable GL, and participants (1990a) The international cooperative study on the timing of aneurysm surgery. Part I: Overall management results. J Neurosurg 73: 18–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Kassell NF, Torner JC, Jane JA, Haley EC, Adams HP and participants (1990b) The international cooperative study on the timing of aneurysm surgery. Part II: Surgical results. J Neurosurg 73: 37–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Keen WW (1890) Intracranial lesions. Med News NY 57: 443 Kertesz A, McCabe P (1977) Recovery patterns and prognosis in aphasia. Brain 100: 1–18Google Scholar
  239. Kessler RC, Price RH, Wortmann CB (1985) Social factors in psychopathology: stress, social support and coping processes. Ann Rev Psychol 53: 531–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Kidooka M, Nakasu Y, Watanabe K, Matsuda M, Handa J (1987) Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during aneurysm surgery. Surg Neurol 27: 69–76CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Kim ChJ, Cervos-Navarro J, Pätzold C, Tokuriki Y, Tabeke Y, Hori K (1992) In vivo study of flow pattern at human carotid bifurcation with regard to aneurysm development. Acta Neurochir 115: 112–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Klebeisberg D (1960) Das Wiener Determinationsgerät. Diagnostica 6: 165–166Google Scholar
  243. Koeleveld RF, Heilman CB, Kluczink RP, Shucart WA (1991) De novo development of an aneurysm: case report. Neurosurgery 29: 756–759CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Klonoff PS, Snow WG, Costa LD (1986) Quality of life in patients 2 to 4 years after closed head injury. Neurosurgery 19: 735–743CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Koenig GH, Marshall WH, Poole GJ, Kramer RA (1979) Rupture of intracranial aneurysms during cerebral angiography: report of ten cases and review of the literature. Neurosurgery 5:314–324CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Krampen G (1986) Zur Validität der deutschen Form des 16 PF: Faktorielle Validität und Beziehungen zum FPI. Diagnostica 32: 91–99Google Scholar
  247. Kraus JF (1987) Epidemiology of head injury. In: Cooper PR (ed) Head injury, 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, pp 1–19Google Scholar
  248. Kreitschmann I, Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1995) Katecholamin-induzierte Hypertension bei schweren prolongierten Vasospasmen nach SAB-klinische Ergebnisse und Lebensqualität. In: Jerusalem F, Reis F (Hrsg) Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurologie. Bonn: Kilun Verlag, pp 416–418Google Scholar
  249. Kreitschmann-Andermahr I, Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (1996) Lebensqualität und neurologisches Ergebnis nach Behandlung schwerer prolongierter Vasospasmen nach SAB mittels induzierter Hypertension. In: Böker DK (Hrsg) Neue Aspekte zu Pathogenese und Therapie des zerebralen Vasospasmus. Zülpich: Biermann Verlag, pp 148–151Google Scholar
  250. Kreitschmann-Andermahr I, Gilsbach JM (1996) Prävention und Therapie des Vasospasmus. In: Böker DK (Hrsg) Neue Aspekte zu Pathogenese und Therapie des zerebralen Vasospasmus. Zülpich: Biermann Verlag, pp 74–86Google Scholar
  251. Laiacona M, De Santis A, Barbarotto R, Basso A, Spanioli D, Capitani E (1989) Neuropsychological follow-up of patients operated for aneursyms of the anterior communicating artery. Cortex 25: 261–273PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. Lanzino G, Kassell NF, Germanson TP, Kongable GL, Truskowski LL, Torner JC, Jane JA, and the participants (1996) Age and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: why do older patients fare worse? J Neurosurg 85: 410–418CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. Larsson C, Rönnberg J, Forssell A, Nilsson LG, Lindberg M, Ängquist KA (1989) Verbal memory function after subarachnoid haemorrhage determined by the localisation of the ruptured aneurysm. Br J Neurosurg 3: 549–560CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. Lebert H (1866) Über die Aneurysmen der Hirnarterien. Eine Abhandlung in Briefen an Herrn Geheimrat Prof. Dr. Frerichs. Berl Klin Wochenschr 20: 209–212; 22: 229–231; 24: 249–251; 28: 281–285; 34: 336–338; 35: 345–347; 40: 386–390; 42: 402–405Google Scholar
  255. Leng NRC, Parkin AJ (1988) Double dissociation of frontal dysfunction in organic amnesia.Br J Clin Psychol 27: 359–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. LeRoux PD, Haglund MM, Newell DW, Grady SM, Winn HR (1992) Intraven tricular hemorrhage in blunt head trauma: an analysis of 43 cases. Neurosurgery 31: 678–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. LeRoux PD, Elliott JP, Newell DW, Grady MS, Winn HR (1996a) The incidence of surgical complications is similar in good and poor grade patients undergoing repair of ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms: a retrospective review of 355 patients. Neurosurgery 38: 887–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. LeRoux PD, Elliott JP, Newell DW, Grady MS, Winn HR (1996b) Predicting outcome in poor-grade patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage: a retrospective review of 159 aggressively managed cases. J Neurosurg 85: 39–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. Levin HS, Grafmann J, Eisenberg HM (1987) Neurobehavioral recovery from head injury.Google Scholar
  260. New York, Oxford: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  261. Levin HS, Goldstein FC, Ghostine SY, Weiner RL, Crofford MJ, Eisenberg HM (1987) Hemispheric disconnection syndrome persisting after anterior cerebral artery aneurysm rupture. Neurosurgery 6: 831–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. Lezak MD (1982) The problem of assessing executive functions. Int J Psychol 17: 81–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. Lezak MD (1983) Neuropsychological assessment, 2nd ed. New York, Oxford: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  264. Lipper S, Morgan D, Krigman R, Staab EV (1978) Congenital saccular aneurysm in a 19-dayold neonate: case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol 10: 161–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Lindquist G, Norlen G (1966) Korsakoff s syndrome after operation on ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. Acta Neurol Scand 42: 24–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. Lindquist G (1975) Lesions due to aneurysms. 7th International Congress of Neuropathology.Hungary: Budapest 1–7 Sept. 1974. Excerpta Medica, pp 209–210Google Scholar
  267. Linn FHH, Rinkel GJE, Algra A, van Gijn} (1996) Incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke 27: 625–629CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Ljunggren B, Säveland H, Brandt L, Kagström E, Rehncrona S, Nilsson PE (1983) Temporary clipping during early operation for ruptured aneurysm: preliminary report. Neurosurgery 12: 525–530CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. Ljunggren B, Sonesson B, Säveland H, Brandt L (1985) Cognitive impairment and adjustment in patients without neurological deficits after aneurysmal SAH and early operation. J Neurosurg 62: 673–679CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. Ljunggren B, Brandt L, Säveland H, Sonesson B, Romner B, Zygmont S, Andersson KE, Mellegard P, Ryman T (1987) Management of ruptured intracranial aneurysm: A review. Br J Neurosurg 1: 9–32CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  271. Ljunggren B, Fodstad H, van Essen C, Säveland H, Brandt L, Hillmann J, Romner B, Algers G (1988) Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: overall outcome and incidence of early recurrent haemorrhage despite a policy of acute stage operation. Br J Neurosurg 2: 49–53CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Ljunggren B, Sharma S, Buchfelder M (1993) Intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Quarterly 3: 120–152Google Scholar
  273. Locksley HB (1969) Natural history of subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial aneurysms, and arteriovenous malformations: based on 6368 cases in the cooperative study. II. In: Sahs AL, Perret GE, Locksley HB, Nishioka H (eds) Intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, pp 58–108Google Scholar
  274. Logue V, Durward M, Pratt RTC, Piercy M, Nixon WLB (1968) The quality of survival after rupture of an anterior cerebral aneurysm. Br J Psychiat 114: 137–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. Lunsford LD, Maroon JC, Vega A (1977) Amnestic syndrome in limbic lesions. Report of three cases. Surgical Forum 28: 481–484PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Luria AR (1969) Frontal lobe syndroms. In: Vinken P, Bruyn G (eds) Handbook of clinical neurology, Vol 2. Localisation in clinical neurology. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp 725–757Google Scholar
  277. Luria AR (1973) The working brain. New York: Basic BooksGoogle Scholar
  278. Luria AR (1976) The neuropsychology of memory. Washington: Winston & Sons, pp 34–52Google Scholar
  279. Magnus V (1927) Aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. JAMA 88: 1712–1713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. Mahoney FI, Barthel DW (1965) Functional evaluation: The Barthel index. Md State Med J 14: 61–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. Maier-Hauff K, Djoucharda D, Hättig H (1991) Die Bedeutung neuropsycholog-ischer Untersuchungen für die Beurteilung nach SAB und Aneurysmaoperation. In: Kongressband der II. Arbeitstagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rehabilitation, pp 29–32Google Scholar
  282. Maier-Hauff K (1991) LI 1370 nach zerebraler Aneurysma-Operation: Wirksamkeit bei ambulanten Patienten mit Störungen der Hirnleistungsfähigkeit. Münch Med Wochenschr 133: S34–S37Google Scholar
  283. Marchel A, Bidzinski J, Bojarski P (1991) formation of new aneurysms. Report of 5 cases. Acta Neurochir 112: 96–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. Marinkovic S, Milisavljevic M, Marinkovic Z (1990) Branches of the anteri communicating artery. Acta Neurochir 106: 78–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. Markowitsch HJ (1984) Can amnesia be caused by damage of a single brain structure? Cortex 20: 27–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  286. Matsumara A, Meguro K, Tsurushima H, Kikuchi Y, Wada M, Nakata Y (1990) Magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord injury without radiologic abnormality. Surg Neurol 33: 281–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. Matsuda M, Shiino A, Handa J (1990) Sequential changes of cerebral blood flow after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 105: 98–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. Maurice-Williams RS, Willison JR, Hatfield R (1991) The cognitive and psychological sequelae of uncomplicated aneurysm surgery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 54: 335–340CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Mayfrank L, Lippitz B, Groth M, Bertalanffy H, Gilsbach JM (1993) Effect of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator on clot lysis and ventricular dilatation in the treatment of severe intraventricular hemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 122: 32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. Mayfrank L (1997) Pathophysiologie und Behandlung von Ventrikelblutungen Erwachsener: Experimentelle und klinische Untersuchungen. Unveröffentlichte Habilitationsschrift, Medizinische Fakultät der RWTHGoogle Scholar
  291. Aachen Mayfrank L, Delsing P, Kissler J, Raoofi R, Weis J, Küker W, Gilsbach JM (1997a) The effects of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) on clot lysis and ventricular dilation in a new experimental model of intraventricular hemorrhage. In: Böker DK (ed) Therapeutic concepts in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Zülpich: Biermann Verlag, pp 31–35Google Scholar
  292. Mayfrank L, Kissler J, Raoofi R, Delsing P, Weis J, Küker W, Gilsbach JM (1997b) Ventricular dilatation in experimental intraventricular hemorrhage. Characterization of CSF dynamics and the effects of fibrinolytic treatment. Stroke 28: 141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. McCormick WF, Rosenfield DB (1973) Massive brain hemorrhage. A review of 144 cases and an examination of their causes. Stroke 4: 946–954CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. McCormick WF (1985) Pathology of closed head injury. In: Wilkins R, Rengachery S (eds) Neurosurgery Vol 1. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp 1544–1569Google Scholar
  295. McGlynn SM, Shacter DL (1989) Unawareness of deficits in neuropsychological syndromes.J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 11: 143–205CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. McKenna P, Willison JR, Lowe D, Neil-Dwyer G (1989a) Cognitive outcome and quality of life one year after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 24: 361–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. McKenna P, Willison JR, Lowe D, Neil-Dwyer G (1989b) Recovery after subarachnoidal haemorrhage. Br Med 299: 485–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. McKissock W, Paine KWE, Walshe LS (1960) An analysis of the results of treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Report on 722 consecutive cases. J Neurosurg 17: 762–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. McMillan TM (1996) Post-traumatic stress disorder following minor and severe closed head injury: 10 single cases. Brain Injury 10: 749–758CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  300. McSweeny AJ, Grant I, Heaton RK, Prigatano GP, Adams KM (1985) Relationship of neuropsychological status to everyday functioning in healthy and chronically ill persons. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 7: 281–291CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Menon D, Weir B, Overton T (1981) Ventricular size and cerebral blood flow following subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Comput Assist Tomogr 5: 328–333CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Mercier P, Le Gall D, Aubin G, Joseph PA, Alhayek G, Guy G (1991) Interet du bilan neuropsychologique dans les aneurysmes arteriels cerebraux operes. Neurochirurgie 37: 32–39PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. Mesulam MM (1985) Patterns in behavioral neuroanatomy: association areas, the limbic system, and hemispheric specialisation. In: Mesulam MM (ed) Principles of behavioral neurology. Philadelphia: FA Davis Company, pp 2–70Google Scholar
  304. Mesulam MM (1986) Frontal cortex and behavior. Ann Neurol 19: 320–325CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. Mesulam MM (1990) Large scale neuro cognitive networks and distributed processing for attention, language and memory. Ann Neurol 28: 597–613CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. Milhorat TH, Krautheim M (1986) Results of early and delayed operations for ruptured intracranial aneurysms in two series of 100 consecutive patients. Surg Neurol 26: 123–128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Milner B (1963) Effects of different brain lesions on cardsorting. Arch Neurol 9: 90–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  308. Milner B (1965) Visually-guided maze learning in man: effects of bilateral hippocam-pal, bilateral frontal-lobe lesions and unilateral cerebral lesions. Neuropsychologia 3: 317–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. Mizukami M, Kawase T, Usami T, Tazawa T (1982) Prevention of vasospasm by early operation with removal of subarachnoid blood. Neurosurgery 10: 301–307CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. Mohr G, Ferguson G, Khan M, Malloy D, Watts R, Benoit B, Weir B (1983) Intraventricular hemorrhage from ruptured aneurysm.J Neurosurg 58: 482–487CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  311. Momma F, Wang AD, Symon L (1987) Effects of temporary arterial occlusions on somatosensory evoked response in aneurysm surgery. Surg Neurol 27: 343–352CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  312. Moniz E (1927) L’encephalographie arterielle, son importance dans la localisation des tumeurs cerebrales. Rev Neurol 2: 72–90Google Scholar
  313. Mooig JJ, Buchthal A, Belopavlovic M (1987) Somatosensory evoked potential monitoring of temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion during aneurysm operation. Neurosurgery 21: 492–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  314. Morecraft RJ, Geula C, Mesulam MM (1992) Cytoarchitecture and neural afferents of orbitofrontal cortex in the brain of the monkey. J Comp Neurol 323: 341–358CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. Morecraft RJ, Geula C, Mesulam MM (1993) Architecture of connectivity within a cingulo-fronto-parietal neurocognitive network for directed attention. Arch Neurol 50: 279–284CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Mountz JM, McGillicuddy JE, Wilson MW, Bartold SP, Siegal EM (1991) Pre-and postoperative cerebral blood flow changes in subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 109: 30–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  317. Mourier KL, Gelbert F, Assouline E, Mouret C, Reizine D, Raggueneau JL, George B (1991) MRI in multiple vascular lesions: identification of the ruptured malformation. Acta Neurochir 112: 83–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. Nattrass FJ (1928) Aneurysm of the carotid artery in the cavernous sinus: ligature of the internal carotid: recovery. Edinburgh Med J 35: 30–32Google Scholar
  319. Nebes RD, Brady CB (1989) Focused and divided attention in Alzheimer’s disease. Cortex 25: 305–315PubMedGoogle Scholar
  320. Nelson RJ, Roberts J, Rubin C, Walker V, Ackery DM, Pickard JD (1991) Association of hypovolemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage with computed tomographic scan evidence of raised intracranial pressure. Neurosurgery 29: 178–182CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Nestor PG, Parasuraman R, Haxby JV (1991) Divided attention and metabolic brain dysfunction in mild dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. Neuropsychologia 29: 379–387CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  322. Nibbelink DW, Torner JC, Henderson W (1977) Intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage-report on a randomized treatment study. A regulated bed rest. Stroke 8: 202–218CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Nishioka H, Torner JC, Graf CJ, Kassell NF, Sahs AL, Goettler LL (1984) Cooperative study of intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid haemorrhage: a long prognostic study. III. Subarachnoid haemorrhage of undetermined aetiology. Arch Neurol 41: 1147–1151CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Niskanen MM, Hernesniemi J A, Vapalathi MP, Kari A (1993) One-year outcome in early aneurysm surgery: prediction of outcome. Acta Neurochir 123: 25–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  325. Norlen G, Olivecrona H (1953) The treatment of aneurysms of the circle of Willis. J Neurosurg 10: 404–415CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Norlen G, Lindquist G (1964) The anatomy of memory. Lancet i: 335 Norlen G (1965) Some aspects of the surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 7: 14–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. Norlen G (1975) Experiences with intracranial aneurysm surgery: results in early operations. Caracas: Apartado de Actas y Trabajos del XVI Congreso Latino-Americano de Neurochirurgia, pp 235–245Google Scholar
  328. Nornes H (1973) The role of intracranial pressure in the arrest of hemorrhage in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm. J Neurosurg 39: 220–234Google Scholar
  329. Nornes H (1978) Cerebral arterial flow dynamics during aneurysm haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 41: 39–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  330. Nowak G, Schwachenwald R, Arnold H (1994) Early management in poor grade aneurysm patients. Acta Neurochir 126: 33–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. Nystrom SHM (1973) Psychodynamics in subarachnoid hemorrhage. A study based on 1183 patients. Helsinki: TA Sahalan Kirjapaino Oder W, Kollegger H, Zeiler K, Dai-Bianco P, Wessely P, Deecke L (1991) Subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown etiology: early prognostic factors for long-term functional capacity. J Neurosurg 74: 601–605Google Scholar
  332. O’Donnell WE, DeSoto CB, Reynolds D (1984a) Sensitivity and specificity of the Neuropsychological Impairment Scale. J Clin Psychol 40: 553–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  333. O’Donnell WE, Reynolds D, DeSoto CB (1984b) Validity and reliability of the Neuropsychological Impairment Scale. J Clin Psychol 40: 549–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  334. Ogawa A, Sato H, Sakurai Y, Yoshimoto T (1991) Limitation of temporary vascular occlusing during aneurysm surgery. Surg Neurol 36: 453–457CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  335. Ogden JA, Levin PL, Mee EW (1990) Long-term neuropsychological and psychosocial effects of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neuropsychiat Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 3: 260–274Google Scholar
  336. Ogden JA, Mee EW, Henning M (1993a) A prospective study of impairment of cognition and memory and recovery after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 33: 572–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. Ogden JA, Mee EW, Henning M (1993b) Life-events stress: a significant precursor to subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neuropsychiat Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 6: 219–228Google Scholar
  338. Ogden JA, Mee EW, Henning M (1994) A prospective study of psychosocial adaptation following subarachnoid haemorrhage. Neuropsychol Rehabil 4: 7–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  339. Ogden J A, Utley T, Mee EW (1997) Neurological and psychosocial outcome 4 to 7 years after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 41: 25–34CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. Ogilvy CS, Poletti CE (1991) Clipping of an aneurysm 20 years after encasement with methylacrylate. J Neurosurg 75: 305–307CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Ohman J, Heiskanen O (1988) Effect of nimodipine on the outcome of patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and surgery. J Neurosurg 69: 683–686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Ohman J, Servo A, Heiskanen O (1991a) Long-term effects of nimodipine on cerebral infarcts and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and surgery. J Neurosurg 74: 8–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  343. Ohman J, Servo A, Heiskanen O (1991b) Risk factors for cerebral infarction in good-grade patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and surgery: a prospective study. J Neurosurg 74: 14–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. Okawa K, Maeda S, Nukui H, Kawafuchi J (1980) Psychiatric symptoms in ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms: Social prognosis. Acta Psychiat Scand 61: 306–312CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. Orgass B (1982) Deutsche Bearbeitung des Token Tests von E DeRenzi und LA Vignolo. Weinheim: Beltz Verlag Origitano TC, Wascher TM, Reichman OH, Anderson DE (1990) Sustained increased cerebral blood flow with prophylactic hypertensive hypervolemic hemodilution (“triple-H-thera-py”) after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 27: 729–740Google Scholar
  346. Ostergaard JR, Voldby B (1983) Intracranial arterial aneurysms in children and adolescents. J Neurosurg 58: 832–837CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. Pakarinen S (1967) Incidence, aetiology and prognosis of primary subarachnoid hemorrhage. Acta Neurol Scand 29: 128 Pandya DN, van Hoesen GW, Mesulam MM (1981) Efferent connections of the cingulated gyrus in the rhesus monkey. Exp Brain Res 42: 319–330Google Scholar
  348. Pardo JV, Pardo PJ, Janer KW, Raichle ME (1990) The anterior cingulate cortex mediates processing selection in the Stroop attentional conflict paradigm. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 87: 256–259CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. Parker JW (1957) The validity of some current tests for organicity. J Consult Psychol 21: 425–428CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  350. Parkin AJ, Leng NRC, Stanhope N (1988) Memory impairment following ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. Brain Cogn 7: 231–243CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  351. Parsons OA, Prigatano GP (1978) Methodological considerations in clinical neuropsychological research. J Consult Clin Psychol 46: 608–619CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. Pendleton M, Heaton R, Lehmann R, Hulihan D (1982) Diagnostic utility of the Thurstone Word Fluency Test in neuropsychological evaluations. J Clin Neuropsychol 4: 307–314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Penrose R, Storey P (1970) Emotional disturbance and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Psychother Psychosom 18: 321–325CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. Perlmutter D, Rhoton AL (1976) Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior cerebral-anterior communicating-recurrent artery complex. J Neurosurg 45: 259–72CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. Perneczky A, Koos WT (1982) Special remarks on microsurgical techniques for cerebral aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 63: 101–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  356. Pfingstmann G, Baumann U (1986) Zur Validierung der FPI-R-Version anhand von Klienten einer Studienberatungsstelle. Z Diff Diagnost Psychol 7: 243–247Google Scholar
  357. Philips LH, Whisnant JP, O’Fallon WM, Sundt TM (1980) The unchanging pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a community. Neurology 30: 1034–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  358. Philips S, Sangalang V, Sterns G (1987) Basal forebrain infarction. A clinicopathologic correlation. Arch Neurol 44: 1134–1138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. Pool JL (1958) Cerebral vasospasm. N Engl J Med 259: 1259–1264CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Porteus SD (1950) The Porteus Maze Test and Intelligence. Palo Alto: Pacific Books Posner MI, Boies SJ (1972) Components of attention. Psychol Rev 78: 391–408Google Scholar
  361. Posner MI (1982) Cumulative development of attentional theory. Am Psychologist 37: 168–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  362. Posner MI, Rafal RD (1987) Cognitive theories of attention and the rehabilitation of attentional deficits. In: Meier MJ, Benton AL, Diller L (eds) Neuropsychological rehabilitation. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, pp 86–101Google Scholar
  363. Posner MI, Petersen ST (1990) The attentional system of the human brain. In: Cowan WM, Shooter EM, Stevens CF, Thompson RF (eds) Annual Review of Neuroscience. Vol 13. Palo Alto: Annual Reviews Inc, pp 25–42Google Scholar
  364. Prigatano GP, Wright EL, Levin D (1984) Quality of life and its predictors in patients with mild hypoxemia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Arch Int Med 144: 1613–1619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. Prigatano GP (1986) Personality and psychosocial consequences of brain injury. In: Prigatano GP (ed) Neuropsychological rehabilitation after brain injury. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp 29–50Google Scholar
  366. Pritz MB (1991) Evaluation and treatment of aneurysms of the vertebral artery: Different strategies for different lesions. Neurosurgery 29: 247–256CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. Quincke H (1872) Zur Physiologie der Cerebrospinalflüssigkeit. Arch Anat Physiol: 153–177Google Scholar
  368. Rabinowick AL, Ginsburg DL, DeGiorgio CM, Gott PS, Giannotta SL (1991) Unruptured intracranial aneurysms: seizures and antiepileptic drug treatment following surgery. J Neurosurg 75: 371–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. Rauchfleisch U (1983) Zur Reliabilität und Validität des Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungstests (Test d2) bei Patienten mit hirndiffusem Psychosyndrom und neurotischen Störungen. Diagnostica 24: 247–255Google Scholar
  370. Reulen HJ, Philippon J (1988) Prevention and treatment of delayed ischemic dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Acta Neurochir (Suppl) 45 Reul J, Weis J, Spetzger U, Konert T, Fricke C, Thron A (1997) Long-term angiographic and histopathologic findings in experimental aneurysms of the carotid bifurcation embolized with platinum and tungsten coils. Am J Neurol Radiol 18: 35–42Google Scholar
  371. Richardson RT, DeLong MR (1988) A reappraisal of the functions of the nucleus basalis of Meynert. Trends Neurosci 6: 264–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  372. Richardson JT (1989) Performance in free recall following rupture and repair of intracranial aneurysm. Brain Cogn 9: 210–226CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  373. Richardson JT (1991) Cognitive performance following rupture and repair of intracranial aneurysm. Acta Neurol Scand 83: 110–122CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  374. Rinkel GJE, van Gijn J, Wijdicks EFM (1993) Subarachnoid hemorrhage without detectable aneurysm. Stroke 24: 1403–1409CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. Robinson A, Heaton R, Lehman R, Stilson D (1980) The utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in detecting and localizing frontal lobe lesions. J Consult Clin Psychol 48: 605–614CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  376. Robinson RG, Kubos KL, Starr LB, Rao K, Price TR (1984) Mood disorders in stroke patients:Importance of location of lesion. Brain 107: 81–93CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  377. Roe H (1852) Aneurism of the anterior cerebral artery. Trans Pathol Soc London 3: 46 Rohde V, Schaller C, Hassler WE (1995) Intraventricular recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for lysis of intraventricular haemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 58: 447–451Google Scholar
  378. Rohrmann B (1978) Empirische Studien zur Entwicklung von Antwortskalen für die sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung. Z Sozialpsychol 9: 222–245Google Scholar
  379. Romner B, Sonesson B, Ljunggren B, Brandt L, Säveland H, Holtas S (1989) Late magnetic resonance imaging related to neurobehavioral functioning after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 25: 390–397CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Ropper AH, Zervas NT (1984) Outcome 1 year after SAH from cerebral aneurysm. Management morbidity, mortality and functional status in 112 consecutive good-risk patients. J Neurosurg 60: 909–915CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Ruelle A, Lasio G, Boccardo M, Gottlieb A, Severi P (1985) Long-term prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown etiology. J Neurol 232: 277–279CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Sahs AL, Perret GE, Locksley HB, Nishioka H (1969) Natural history of subarach noid hemorrhage, intracranial aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations. Based on 6368 cases in the Cooperative Study. In: Locksley HB (ed) Intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. A cooperative study. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, pp 37–108Google Scholar
  383. Samson D, Batjer HH, Bowman G, Mootz L, Krippner WJ, Meyer YJ, Allen BC (1994) A clinical study of the parameters and effects of temporary arterial occlusion in the management of intracranial aneurysm. Neurosurgery 34: 22–29CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  384. Sano K, Saito I (1978) Timing and indication of surgery for ruptured intracranial aneurysms with regard to cerebral vasospasm. Acta Neurochir 41: 49–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  385. Sano H, Kano T, Shinomiya Y (1982) Prospection of chronic vasospasm by CT findings. Acta Neurochir 63: 23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  386. Säveland H, Sonesson B, Ljunggren B, Brandt L, Uski T, Zygmont S, Hindfelt B (1986) Outcome evaluation following subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 64: 191–196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Säveland H, Sonesson B, Ljunggren B, Ryman T, Brandt L (1988) Does intravenous nimodipine treatment influence cognition in patients subjected to early aneurysm operation? Acta Neurol Scand 77: 54–59CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Säveland H, Hillman J, Brandt L, Edner G, Jakobsson K-E, Algers G (1992) Overall outcome in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 76. 729–734CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Säveland H, Uski T, Sjöholm H, Sonesson B, Brandt L (1996) SPECT with Technetium-99m-HMPAO in relation to late cognitive outcome after surgery for ruptured cerebral aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 138: 301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  390. Satzger W, Niedermeier N, Schönberger J, Engel RR, Beck OJ (1995) Timing of operation for ruptured aneurysms and long-term recovery of cognitive functions. Acta Neurochir 136: 168–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  391. Sbeigh I, Tamas LB, O’Laoire (1986) Epilepsy after operation for aneurysms. Neurosurgery 19: 784–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  392. Schaller C, Rohde V, Hassler W (1995) Stereotactic puncture and lysis of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage using recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator. Neurosurgery 36: 328–333CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  393. Scheurer H, Quast A, Richter P, Erbacher H, Kröber HL (1994) Testtheoretische Analyse des Benton Tests aufgrund einer Stichprobe männlicher Gewalttäter. Diagnostica 40: 363–374Google Scholar
  394. Schievink WI, Karemaker JM, Hagemann LM, van der Werf DJM (1989) Circumstances surrounding aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surg Neurol 32: 266–272CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. Schmidt JU, König F (1986) Untersuchungen zur Validität der revidierten Form des Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventars FPI-R. Diagnostica 32: 197–208Google Scholar
  396. Schmidt LR, Hacker H, Schwenkmetzger P (1985) Differentialdiagnostische Untersuchungen mit objektiven Persönlichkeitstests und Fragebogen im psychiatrischen Bereich. Diagnostica 31: 22–37Google Scholar
  397. Schorstein J (1944) Carotid ligation in saccular intracranial aneurysms. Br J Surg 28: 50–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  398. Schramm J, Koht A, Schmidt G, Pechstein U, Taniguchi M, Fahlbusch R (1990) Surgical and electrophysiological observations during clipping of 134 aneurysms with evoked potential monitoring. Neurosurgery 26: 61–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Schwarz R, Bernhard J, Flechtner H, Küchler T, Hürny C (1990) Lebensqualität in der Onkologie, Vol I. München, Bern, Wien, New York: Zuckschwerdt VerlagGoogle Scholar
  400. Schwarz R, Bernhard J, Flechtner H, Küchler T, Hürny C (1995) Lebensqualität in der Onkologie, Vol II. München, Bern, Wien, New York: Zuckschwerdt VerlagGoogle Scholar
  401. Seifert V, Stolke D, Trost HA, Brüning A, Schäffer J (1989a) Incidence, management and outcome of patients with premature rupture of cerebral aneurysms during surgery. In: Frowein RA, Brock M, Klinger M (eds) Advances in neurosurgery, Vol 17. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag, pp 203–207Google Scholar
  402. Seifert V, Eisert WG, Stolke D, Goetz C (1989b) Efficacy of single intracisternal bolus injection of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator to prevent delayed cerebral vasospasm after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 25: 590–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  403. Seifert V, Trost HA, Stolke D (1990) Management morbidity and mortality in grade IV and V patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acta Neurochir 103: 5–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  404. Seiler RW, Grolimund P, Aaslid R, Huber P, Nornes H (1986) Cerebral vasospasm evaluated by transcranial ultrasound with clinical grade and CT-visualized subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 64: 594–600CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. Sengupta RP, Chiu JSP, Brierley H (1975) Quality of survival following direct surgery for anterior communicating artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg 43: 58–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. Shallice T (1982) Specific impairments of planning. In: Broadbent DE, Weiskrantz L (eds) The neuropsychology of cognitive function. London: The Royal Society, pp 199–209Google Scholar
  407. Shapiro AS, Campbell RL, Scully T (1994) Hemorrhagic dilation of the fourth ventricle: an ominous predictor. J Neurosurg 80: 805–809CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. Shepard RH (1984) Prognosis of spontaneous (nontraumatic) subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown cause. Lancet 7: 777–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  409. Shepard RN, Metzler (1971) Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Science 171: 701–703CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  410. Shoqeirat MA, Mayes A, MacDonald C, Meudell P (1990) Performance on tests sensitive to frontal lobe lesions by patients with organic amnesia: Leng & Parkin revisited. Br J Psychol 29: 401–408Google Scholar
  411. Shoqeirat MA, Mayes AR (1991) Disproportionate incidental spatial-memory and recall deficits in amnesia. Neuropsychologia 8: 749–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  412. Simonov PV (1986) The emotional brain. New York: Plenum PressGoogle Scholar
  413. Sinyor D, Jaques P, Kaloupoek DG, Becker R, Goldenberg M, Coopersmith H (1986) Poststroke depression and lesion location: An attempted replication. Brain 109: 537–546CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. Smith ML, Milner B (1984) Differential effects of frontal lobe lesions on cognitive estimation and spatial memory. Neuropsychologia 22: 697–705CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. Smith RR, Miller JD (1990) Pathophysiology and clinical evaluation of subarachnoid hemorrhage. In: Youmans JR (ed) Neurological surgery. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp 1644–1660Google Scholar
  416. Sonesson B, Ljunggren B, Säveland H, Brandt L (1987) Cognition and adjustment following late and early surgery for ruptured aneurysms. Neurosurgery 21: 279–287CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  417. Sonesson B, Säveland H, Ljunggren B, Brandt L (1989) Cognitive functioning after subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown origin. Acta Neurol Scand 80: 400–410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Spallone A, Ferrante L, Palatinsky E, Santoro A, Aqui M (1986) Subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown origin. Acta Neurochir 80: 12–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  419. Spetzger U, Gilsbach JM (1994) Results of early aneurysm surgery in poor-grade patients. Neurol Res 14: 27–30Google Scholar
  420. Spetzger U, Reul J, Weis J, Bertalanffy H, Thron A, Gilsbach JM (1996) Microsurgical produced bifurcation aneurysms in a rabbit model for endovascular coil embolisation. J Neurosurg 85: 488–495CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  421. Spetzger U, Rohde V, Gilsbach JM (1997) Forum: Clips und Coils in der Aneurysmabehand-lung. Wien Med Wochenschr 147: 172–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  422. Spetzger U, Reul J, Thron A, Warnke J, Gilsbach JM (1997) Microsurgical embolectomy and removal of a migrated coil from the middle cerebral artery. Cerebrovasc Dis 7: 226–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  423. Squire LR (1986) The neuropsychology of memory dysfunction and its assessment. In: Grant I, Adams KM (eds) Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 268–299Google Scholar
  424. Stambrook M, Moore AD, Peters LC, Zubek E, McBeath S, Friesen IC (1991) Head injury and spinal cord injury: differential effects on psychosocial functioning. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 13: 521–530CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  425. Steck P, Beer U, Frey A, Frühschütz HG, Körner A (1990) Testkritische Überprüfung einer 30-Item Version des Visual Retention Tests nach AL Benton. Diagnostica 36: 38–49Google Scholar
  426. Stegen G, Freckmann N (1991) Outcome and rehabilitation after subarachnoid haemorrhage.Zbl Neurochir 52: 37–39Google Scholar
  427. Stehbens WE (1963) Aneurysms and anatomical variations of cerebral arteries. Arch Pathol 75: 45–64Google Scholar
  428. Steiger HJ, Reulen HJ (1986) Low frequency flow fluctuations in saccular aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 83: 131–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  429. Steiger HJ, Poll A, Liepsch D, Reulen HJ (1987) Haemodynamic stress in lateral saccular aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 86: 86–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  430. Steiger HJ, Poll A, Liepsch D, Reulen HJ (1988) Haemodynamic stress in terminal aneurysms. Acta Neurochir 93: 18–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  431. Steinman DR, Bigler ED (1986) Neuropsychological sequelae of ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Int J Clin Neuropsychol 8: 135–140Google Scholar
  432. Stenhouse LM, Knight RG, Longmore BE, Bishara SN (1991) Long-term cognitive deficits in patients after surgery on aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 54: 909–914CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  433. Stolke D, Hoppe B, Seifert V, Rückert N, Dietz H (1987) How good are the results in aneurysm surgery? Psychological aspects of rehabilitation of early and late operated patients with cerebral aneurysm. In: Wüllenweber R, Klinger M, Brock M (eds) Advances in neurosurgery, Vol 15. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag, pp 297–301Google Scholar
  434. Stolke D, Seifert V (1992) Single intracisternal bolus of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: Preliminary assessment of efficacy and safety in an open clinical study. Neurosurgery 30: 877–881CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  435. Storey PB (1967) Psychiatric sequelae of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br Med J 3: 261–266CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  436. Storey PB (1970) Brain damage and personality change after subarachnoid haemorrhage. Br J Psychiat 117: 129–142Google Scholar
  437. Stuss DT, Alexander MP, Liebermann A, Levine H (1978) An extraordinary form of confabulation. Neurology 28: 1166–1172CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  438. Stuss DT, Kaplan EF, Benson DF, Weir WS, Chiulli S, Sarazin FF (1982) Evidence for the involvement of orbitofrontal cortex in memory functions: An interference effect. J Comp Physiol Psychol 96: 913–925CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  439. Stuss DT, Benson DF (1984) Neuropsychological studies of the frontal lobes. Psychol Bull 95: 3–28CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Stuss DT, Ely P, Hugenholz H, Richard T, Larochelle S, Poirier CA, Bell I (1985) Subtle neuropsychological deficits in patients with good recovery after closed head injury. Neurosurgery 17: 41–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  441. Stuss DT, Benson DF (1986) The frontal lobes. New York: Raven PressGoogle Scholar
  442. Sundt TM, Whisnant JP (1978) Subarachnoid hemorrhage from intracranial aneurysms. Surgical management and natural history of the disease. N Engl J Med 299: 116–122CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  443. Sundt TM, Piepgras DG (1979) Surgical approach to giant intracranial aneurysms. Operative experiences with 80 cases. J Neurosurg 51: 731–742CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  444. Sundt TM, Kobayashi S, Fode NC, Whisnant JP (1982) Results and complications of surgical management of 819 intracranial aneurysms in 722 cases. J Neurosurg 56: 753–765CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  445. Suzuki J, Yoshimoto T (1973) Early operation for the ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Jpn J Surg 3: 149–156CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. Suzuki J, Yoshimoto T, Onuma T (1978) Early operation for ruptured intracranial aneurysms - a study of 31 cases operated within the first four days after ruptured aneurysm. Neurol Med Chir 18: 82–89Google Scholar
  447. Suzuki J, Onuma T, Yoshimoto T (1979) Results of early operations on cerebral aneurysms. Surg Neurol 11: 407–412PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. Sweet WHC (1941) Seeping intracranical aneurysm simulating neoplasm: Syndrome of the corpus callosum. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 45: 86–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  449. Takaku A, Tanaka S, Mori T, Suzuki J (1979) Postoperative complications in 1.000 cases of intracranial aneurysms. Surg Neurol 12: 137–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  450. Talland GA (1960) Psychological studies in Korsakoff s psychosis: IV. Memory and learning. J Nerv Ment Dis 130: 366–385CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  451. Talland GA (1965) Deranged memory. New York: Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  452. Talland GA, Sweet WH, Ballaritine HT (1967) Amnesic syndrome with anterior communicating artery aneurysm. J Nerv Ment Dis 145: 179–192CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Tarachow S (1939) The Korsakoff psychosis in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. Report on three cases. Am J Psychiat 95: 887–899Google Scholar
  454. Taren JA (1965) Anatomical pathways related to the clinical findings in aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 28: 228–234CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  455. Taylor CL, Yuan Z, Selman WR, Ratcheson RA, Rimm AA (1995) Cerebral arterial aneurysm formation and rupture in 20.767 elderly patients: hypertension and other risk factors. J Neurosurg 83: 812–819CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  456. Teasdale E (1984) CT scan in severe diffuse head injury: physiological and clinical correlations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 47: 600–603CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  457. Teissier du Cros J, Lhermitte F (1984) Neuropsychological analysis of ruptured saccular aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery after radical therapy. Surg Neurol 22: 353–359CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  458. Temkin NR, Dikmen S, Machamer J, McLean A (1989) General versus disease-specific measures: Further work on the Sickness Impact Profile for head injury. Med Care 27: S44–53CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. Teuber HL (1964) The riddle of frontal lobe function in man. In: Warren JM, Akert JK (eds) The frontal granual cortex and behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp 410–444Google Scholar
  460. Teunissen LL, Rinkel GJE, Algra A, van Gijn J (1996) Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage: A systematic review. Stroke 27: 544–549CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Thomas-Anterion C, Duthel R, Dirkx E, Koenig O, Baudoin V, Laurent A, Brunon J (1995) Preservation de la memoire procedurale chez dix-huit patients peres d’un aneurisme de Partere communicante anterieure. Neurochirurgie 42: 54–60Google Scholar
  462. Thompson JG (1988) The psychobiology of emotions. New York: Plenum PressGoogle Scholar
  463. Thorbecke R (1994) Lebensqualität bei Menschen mit schwerer Epilepsie. Epilepsie-Blätter 7: 3–12Google Scholar
  464. Tidswell P, Dias PS, Sagar HJ, Mayes AR, Battersby RDE (1995) Cognitive outcome after aneurysm rupture: relationship to aneurysm site and perioperative complications. Neurology 45: 875–882CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Tokuda Y, Inagawa T, Katho Y, Kumano K, Ohbayashi N, Yoshioka H (1995) Intracerebral hematoma in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms. Surg Neurol 43: 272–277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  466. Tooth CL, Hadjiivassiliou M, Romanowski C, Byrne J, Oxbury S, Battersby RD, Mayes AR, Sagar HJ (1997) A comparison of cognitive outcome and structural damage following neurosurgical or endovascular treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. In: Hütter BO, Gilsbach JM (eds) Neuropsychology in neurosurgery, psychiatry and neurology. Aachen: Augustinus Verlag, pp 85–86Google Scholar
  467. Troupp H, Björksten G (1981) Results of a controlled trial of late surgical versus conservative treatment of intracranial arterial aneurysms. J Neurosurg 35: 20–24Google Scholar
  468. Tsementzis SA, Kennet RP, Hitchcock ER, Gill JS, Beevers DG (1991) Seasonal variation of cerebrovascular disease. Acta Neurochir 111: 80–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  469. TÜV-Baden MPI (1976) Testnormen für das Wiener Determinationsgerät. Freiburg: TÜV BadenGoogle Scholar
  470. Uzell BP, Langfitt TW, Dolinskas CA (1987) Influence of injury severity on quality of survival after head injury. Surg Neurol 27: 419–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  471. Uzell BP (1988) Quality of survival after head injury. Surg Neurol 29: 246–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  472. Van Dam FSA, Aaronson AK (1988) Quality of life and treatment for Cancer. J Drug Ther Res 13: 173–175Google Scholar
  473. Van der Linden M, Bruyer R, Roland J, Schils JP (1993) Proactive interference in patients with amnesia resulting from anterior communicating artery aneurysm. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 15: 525–536CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  474. Van Gijn J, Hijdra A, Wijdicks EFM, Vermeulen M, van Crevel H (1985a) Acute hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 63: 355–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  475. Van Gijn J, Van Dongen KJ, Vermeulen M, Hijdra A (1985b) Perimesencephalic hemor rhage: a nonaneurysmal and benign form of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurology 35: 493–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  476. Van Zomeren AH, Brower WH, Deelman BG (1984) Attentional deficits: The riddles of selectivity, speed and alertness. In: Brooks DH (ed) Psychological deficits after head injury. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 132–149Google Scholar
  477. Van Zomeren AH, Brouwer WH (1987) Head injury and concepts of attention. In: Levin HS, Grafman J, Eisenberg HM (eds) Neurobehavioral recovery from head injury. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 398–415Google Scholar
  478. Vassilouthis J, Richardson AE (1979) Ventricular dilatation and communicating hydrocephalus following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 51: 341–351CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  479. Vickrey BG, Hays RD, Herman BP, Bladin PF, Batzel LW (1993) Outcomes with respect to quality of life. In: Engel J (ed) Surgical treatment of epilepsies, 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press, pp 623–635Google Scholar
  480. Viefhues H (1991) Quality of life: Semantic history, political and scientific terminology, measurement and methodology, medical research. In: Viefhues H, Schoene W, Rychlik R (eds) Chronic heart failure. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, pp 66–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  481. Vilkki J (1985) Amnesic syndromes after surgery of anterior communicating artery aneurysms. Cortex 21: 431–444PubMedGoogle Scholar
  482. Vilkki J, Holst P, Öhman J, Servo A, Heiskanen O (1989) Cognitive deficits related to computed tomographic findings after surgery for a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Neurosurgery 26: 579–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  483. Vilkki J, Holst P, Öhman J, Servo A, Heiskanen O (1990) Social outcome related to cognitive performance and computed tomographic findings after surgery for a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Neurosurgery 26: 579–585CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  484. Vincentelli F, Lehman G, Caruso G, Grisoli F, Rabehanta P, Gouaze A (1991) Extracerebral course of the perforating branches of the anterior communicating artery: Microsurgical anatomy study. Surg Neurol 35: 98–104CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  485. Visser MC, van Kooten F, Koudstaal PJ, Passchier J, Grobbee DE, van Gijn J (1996) Quality of life after an ischemic stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis 6: S30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  486. Volpe BT, Hirst (1983) Amnesia following the rupture and repair of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 46: 704–709CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  487. Volpe BT, Herscovitch P, Raichle ME (1984) Positron emission tomography defines metabolic abnormity in mesial temporal lobes of two patients with amnesia after rupture and repair of anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurology 34: S188Google Scholar
  488. Von Cramon D, Ziehl J (1989) Neuropsychologische Rehabilitation. Grundlagen-Diagnostik-Behandlungsverfahren. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Wien: SpringerGoogle Scholar
  489. Von Cramon DY, Mai N, Ziegler W (1995) Neuropsychologische Diagnostik. London, Weinheim: Chapman & HallGoogle Scholar
  490. Wallesch CW, Kornhuber, HH, Köllner C, Liicking C (1983) Language and cognitive deficits resulting from medial and dorsolateral frontal lobe lesions. Arch Psychiat 233: 279–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  491. Walsh KW (1987) Neuropsychology: A clinical approach, 2nd ed. New York: Churchill LivingstoneGoogle Scholar
  492. Walton JN (1953) The Korsakow syndrome in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Ment Sei 99: 521–530Google Scholar
  493. Walton D (1958) The diagnostic and predictive accuracy of the Wechsler Memory Scale in psychiatric patients over 65. J Ment Sei 104: 1111–1118Google Scholar
  494. Wang P, Kaplan J, Rogers E (1975) Memory functioning in hemiplegies: a neuropsychological analysis of the Wechsler Memory Scale. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 56: 517–521PubMedGoogle Scholar
  495. Ware JE (1984) Conceptualizing disease impact and treatment outcome. Cancer 153:2316–2323Google Scholar
  496. Wassmann H, Werner C, Stockert A (1989) Temporary vessel occlusion by microvascular clips. In: Frowein RA, Brock M, Klinger M (eds) Advances in neurosurgery. Vol 17. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag, pp 208–213Google Scholar
  497. Webster JE, Gurdijan ES, Lindner DW, Hardy WG (1960) Proximal occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery. Arch Neurol 2: 19–26CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  498. Weir B (1993) The surgical management of anterior circulation aneurysms. Neurosurg Q 1: 19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  499. Weisberg LA (1985) Ruptured aneurysm of anterior cerebral or anterior communicating arteries: CT patterns. Neurology 35: 1562–1566CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  500. WFNS (1988) WFNS scale of SAH classification. J Neurosurg 68: 985–986Google Scholar
  501. WHO (1980) International classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps. Genf: World Health OrganisationGoogle Scholar
  502. Wichern H (1911) Zur Diagnose perforierender Aneurysmen der Hirnarterien. Münch Med Wochenschr 58: 2724–2729Google Scholar
  503. Winn HR, Almaani WS, Berga SL, Jane JA, Richardson AE (1983) The long term outcome in patients with multiple aneurysms - incidence of late hemorrhage and implications of incidental aneurysms. J Neurosurg 59: 642–651CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  504. Wiseman R (1676) Several chirurgicall treatises. London: R Royston & B TookGoogle Scholar
  505. Yasargil MG, Fox JL, Ray MW (1975) The operative approach to aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. In: Krayenbühl H (ed) Advances and technical standards in neurosurgery. Vol II. Wien, New York: Springer Verlag, pp 115–128Google Scholar
  506. Yasargil MG (1984) Microneurosurgery. Vol II. Stuttgart, New York: Thieme VerlagGoogle Scholar
  507. Yates JW, Chalmer B, McKegney P (1980) Evaluation of patients with advanced cancer using the Karnofsky Performance scale. Cancer 145: 2220–2224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  508. Zimmermann P, Fimm B (1992) Testbatterie zur Aufmerksamkeitsprüfung (TAP) Version1.02. Würselen: Psytest VerlagGoogle Scholar
  509. Zubrick S, Smith A (1978) Factors affecting BVRT performance in adults with acute focal cerebral lesions. Paper presented at the sixth International Neuropsychological Society meeting in MinneapolisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. O. Hütter
    • 1
  1. 1.RWTHNeurochirurgische UniversitätsklinikAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations