Neck Cryosurgery. Experimental and Clinical Experience for the Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

  • Shigeo Tanaka


Papillary cancer of the thyroid gland is generally gentle in nature, growing very slowly or even remaining in a stationary state for a long period of time, and it is not rare to see long survival. However, in our experience, once the tumor starts its rapid growth, one can hardly control the disease by conventional means, particularly large, necrotizing and bleeding tumors with intractable pain and compression symptoms owing to the tumor.


Thyroid Cancer Common Carotid Artery Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Healthy Skin Intractable Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Chandler JR (1972) Cryosurgery of malignant neoplasms of the head and neck. JAMA 221: 387–390.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    DeSanto LW (1972) The curative, palliative, and adjunctive uses of cryosurgery in the head and neck. Laryngoscope 82: 1282–1291.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gage AA, Fazekas G, Riley EE Jr (1967) Freezing injury to large blood vessels in dogs with comments on the effect of experimental freezing of bile ducts. Surgery 61: 748–754.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ganz H (1974) Experiments on cryosurgery of tumors at the great blood vessels in the neck. Minerva Medica 65: 3645–3647.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Klein H, Braess P, Ganz H (1973) Untersuchungen zur Kryotherapie an den grossen Halsgefässen beim Menschen. Arch Klin Exp Ohren Nasen Kehlkopf-Heilkd 205: 307–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mandeville AF, McGabe BF (1967) Some observations on the cryobiology of blood vessels. Laryngoscope 77: 1328–1350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Masui T, Tanaka S, Obata T, Toyoda K, Nagata H (1975) Experimental studies on the freezing of trachea and its adjacent organs and their response (1) J Jpn Soc Cryosurg 1: 50–56 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Masui T, Watanabe S, Tanaka S, Nagata H (1976) Experimental studies on the freezing of head and neck organs (brain, trachea, and the adjacent organs) and their response (2) J Jpn Soc Cryosurg 2: 32–33 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Neel HB III, Farrel KH, DeSanto LW, Payne WS, Sanderson DR (1973) Cryosurgery of respiratory structures. I. Cryonecrosis of trachea and bronchus. Laryngoscope 83: 1062–1071.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schrott KM, Sigel A, Hermanek P (1971) Nebenwirkungen der Kryotherapie auf grosse Gefässe. Urologe 10: 73–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tanaka S (1982) Cryosurgery of unresectable, advanced or recurrent thyroid cancer. In: Ui N, Torizuka K, Miyai K (eds.): Current problems in thyroid research, Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp. 601–604 (International Congress Series No. 605).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tanaka S (1982) Immunological aspects of cryosurgery in general surgery. Cryobiology 19: 247–262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Thomford NR, Wilson WH, Blackburn ZD, Pace WG (1970) Morphological changes in canine trachea after freezing. Cryobiology 7: 19–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Unger RF, Feldman H, David E, Lehman R, Szdzuy D (1971) Über die Wirkung tiefer Temperaturen (Kryotechnik) an der Aorta abdominalis des Kaninchens. Z Exp Chir 4: 100–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeo Tanaka

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations