Skip to main content

Virtual reality — symbiosis of science and art

  • Chapter
Digital (R)Evolution in Radiology
  • 197 Accesses


Non mi legga qui non è matematico, nelli mia principi ... In plain English: No one should read me, my writings who is not a mathematician.... That was Leonardo da Vinci (Figs. 1 and 2) speaking about himself. Leonardo’s works, his visionary insight, still today create a certain fascination. The other one, Raffaello Santi (il divino), Raffael (the divine), sees himself more as a disciple of geometry than a painter. In his “School of Athens”, he celebrates geometry, shows us philosophers and mathematicians, and even poses with the group of mathematicians in the right of the picture.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 9.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2001 Springer-Verlag Wien

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Bulirsch, R., Hardt, M. (2001). Virtual reality — symbiosis of science and art. In: Hruby, W. (eds) Digital (R)Evolution in Radiology. Springer, Vienna.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Vienna

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-7091-3709-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-7091-3707-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

Publish with us

Policies and ethics