Basic Concepts, Definitions and Systematization of Manipulators and Robots

  • Adam Morecki
  • Józef Knapczyk
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 402)


The majority of machines manufactured since the 1950 can be classified as working machines: engines, processors and transporters. But the classical definition of the machine, as proposed in 1875 by F. Reuleaux, has had to be changed as a new group of machines called cybernetic machines appeared on the scene. These machines include systems modeling biological and physiological processes operating in living nature, including men and animals.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Morecki
    • 1
  • Józef Knapczyk
    • 2
  1. 1.Warsaw University of TechnologyPoland
  2. 2.Cracow University of TechnologyPoland

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