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Decompressive Craniectomy with Hematoma Evacuation for Large Hemispheric Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA,volume 118)

Abstract

Hemispheric hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has a high mortality rate. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has generally been used for the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and hemispheric cerebral infarction. However, the effect of DC on hemispheric hypertensive ICH is not well understood. To investigate the effects of DC for treating hemispheric hypertensive ICH, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological findings of 21 patients who underwent DC for hemispheric hypertensive ICH. Eleven of the patients were male and 10 were female, with an age range of 22–75 years (mean, 56.6 years). Their preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale scores ranged from 3 to 13 (mean, 6.9). The hematoma volumes ranged from 33.4 to 98.1 mL (mean, 74.2 mL), and the hematoma locations were the basal ganglia in 10 patients and the subcortex in 11 patients. Intraventricular extensions were observed in 11 patients. With regard to the complications after DC, postoperative hydrocephalus developed in ten patients, and meningitis was observed in three patients. Six patients had favorable outcomes and 15 had poor outcomes. The mortality rate was 10 %. A statistical analysis showed that the GCS score at admission was significantly higher in the favorable outcome group than that in the poor outcome group (P = 0.029). Our results suggest that DC with hematoma evacuation might be a useful surgical procedure for selected patients with large hemispheric hypertensive ICH.

Keywords

  • Decompressive craniectomy
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Hypertensive
  • Outcome

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Takeuchi, S. et al. (2013). Decompressive Craniectomy with Hematoma Evacuation for Large Hemispheric Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage. In: Katayama, Y., Maeda, T., Kuroiwa, T. (eds) Brain Edema XV. Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement, vol 118. Springer, Vienna. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1434-6_53

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1434-6_53

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