Interlocking Manifold Kinematically Constrained Multi-material Systems

  • Oliver Tessmann
Conference paper


This research project investigates topological interlocking assemblies for architectural constructions. Topological Interlocking Assemblies (TIA) are systems that unfold structural capacity by kinematically constraining and interlocking elements. Masonry is a simple example of an interlocking system. Nevertheless mortar, as additional rigid aggregate is needed to bind the elements. Assemblies with intricately interlocking modules in contrast, exclusively constrain their elements through inherent geometrical and topological properties. Topological interlocking systems were developed in material science and masonry construction. This project seeks to re-conceptualize the system within an architectural framework by embracing computational design, analysis and fabrication tools and procedures. The goal is to develop geometrical differentiated, reversible, force-locked systems and the processes and methods to design and manufacture them. The research started as a design studio at the Staedelschule Architecture Class (SAC) in Frankfurt.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Tessmann
    • 1
  1. 1.KTH School of ArchitectureStockholmSweden

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