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Die Desintegration der Liberalen über die Irlandfrage: Parlamentswahlen in Großbritannien 1885 und 1886

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Zusammenfassung

Die 1870er und 1880er Jahre kennzeichnete ein für das politische System Großbritanniens typischer Pendelschwung: der stetige Wechsel zwischen liberaler und konservativer Herrschaft. Die von 1874 bis 1880 währende Amtszeit des konservativen Premierministers Benjamin Disraeli, der 1876 zum Earl of Beaconsfield geadelt wurde, war im wesentlichen von imperialistischer Expansion und — in weitaus geringerem Maße — auf innenpolitischem Gebiet von sozial-reformerischen Maßnahmen geprägt. Die 1875/76 verabschiedeten sozialreformerischen Gesetze befaßten sich mit Problemen des städtischen Wohnungswesens wie der Beseitigung der Slums als Ausdruck städtischer Armut, mit Fragen der Volksgesundheit und industriellen Arbeitsbedingungen. (1) Ähnlich wie die Manchesterliberalen waren auch die Konservativen nur zu einer minimalen Staatsintervention bereit, was den sozialreformerischen Maßnahmen einen wenig spektakulären Charakter verlieh. Die Gesetze lassen auf Disraelis Bestreben schließen, den Konservativen ein neues Profil zu geben.

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Anmerkungen

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