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Strahlströme und atmosphärische Zirkulation

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Unberechenbares Klima
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Zusammenfassung

Die Arktis hat sich sowohl im Winter wie im Sommer in den vergangenen zwei Jahrzehnten deutlich erwärmt. Der troposphärische Strahlstrom, das atmosphärische Westwindband in mittleren Breiten zwischen 10 bis 12 km Höhe, wird durch den Temperaturgradienten zwischen den wärmeren Luftmassen mittlerer Breiten und den kälteren in polaren Breiten gebildet.

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Abbildungen

  • ECMWF ERA5 Data/ Figures 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 from Climate Reanalyzer (https://ClimateReanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, USA.

  • ECMWF ERA5 Data/ Figures 3.6, 3.8 from Climate Reanalyzer (https://ClimateReanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, USA.

  • NASA Merra Data/ Figure 3.7 from Climate Reanalyzer (https://ClimateReanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, USA.

  • NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data/ Figures. 3.4, 3.5 provided by NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSL, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their web site at http://psl.noaa.gov/NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data.

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© 2022 Der/die Autor(en), exklusiv lizenziert durch Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE, ein Teil von Springer Nature

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Dethloff, K. (2022). Strahlströme und atmosphärische Zirkulation. In: Unberechenbares Klima. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-64900-8_3

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