Skip to main content

Cross-Country Skiing

  • 147 Accesses

Abstract

Cross-country (XC) skiing is one of the most demanding endurance sports, featuring different formats of cross-country races with varying lengths. Cross-country ski championships have been a part of the Winter Olympics since the first edition in Chamonix, France, in 1924. However, during the latter of the twentieth century a rapid evolution of the technique was observed, with new disciplines, improved equipment, and preparation of tracks. Accordingly, these changes led to a considerable increase in speed in this event.

Although it is generally accepted that the majority of cross-country ski injuries are from overuse, there is a place for acute trauma in this sport. Interestingly, most trauma patterns occur during training, and not within the competition period. Lower extremities are at the greatest risk of injury in this sport, including stress fractures, medial tibial stress syndrome, overuse Achilles tendon problems, and traumatic knee and ankle ligaments sprains. Among upper extremity lesions, the ulnar collateral ligament tear at the MCP (Stener’s lesion) is the most common.

Keywords

  • Endurance sports
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Stress fractures
  • Achilles tendinopathy
  • Ankle sprain
  • MTS syndrome

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-64532-1_20
  • Chapter length: 6 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-662-64532-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 20.1

References

  1. Andersson E, Supej M, Sandbakk Ø, Sperlich B, Stöggl T, Holmberg H-C. Analysis of sprint cross-country skiing using a differential global navigation satellite system. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;110:585–95.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Sandbakk Ø, Holmberg H-C. A reappraisal of success factors for Olympic cross-country skiing. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9:117–21.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Ristolainen L. Sports injuries in Finnish elite cross-country skiers, swimmers, long-distance runners and soccer players. Tiet Tutk ORTONin Julk A. 2011

    Google Scholar 

  4. von Rosen P, Floström F, Frohm A, Heijne A. Injury patterns in adolescent elite endurance athletes participating in running, orienteering, and cross-country skiing. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017;12:822.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Worth SG, Reid DA, Howard AB, Henry SM. Injury incidence in competitive cross-country skiers: a prospective cohort study. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2019;14:237.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE, part of Springer Nature

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Korolev, A. et al. (2022). Cross-Country Skiing. In: Canata, G.L., Jones, H. (eds) Epidemiology of Injuries in Sports . Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-64532-1_20

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-64532-1_20

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-662-64531-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-662-64532-1

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)