Skip to main content

Führung

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Sportpsychologie

Zusammenfassung

Immer wieder ist zu beobachten – so auch beim „Sommermärchen“ Fußballweltmeisterschaft 2006 – wie Trainerinnen und Trainer junge, unerfahrene Mannschaften mit viel Elan und Herzblut zu einem unerwartet großen Erfolg führen. In diesem Kapitel wird der Frage nachgegangen, welche Eigenschaften Trainerinnen und Trainer mitbringen und welches Führungsverhalten sie zeigen sollten, um erfolgreich zu sein. Nach einer Begriffsbestimmung werden eigenschafts-, verhaltens- und situationsorientierte Führungstheorien und -modelle vorgestellt, die versuchen, Faktoren für den Führungserfolg zu bestimmen. Zudem werden zwei sportspezifische Führungsmodelle, das Mediationsmodell der Führung und das multidimensionale Modell der Führung im Sport, beschrieben. Darauffolgend werden die empirischen Befunde zu den Effekten von Führung präsentiert. Zusätzlich werden einschlägige Messinstrumente und Interventionsmöglichkeiten vorgestellt.

Teile dieses Kapitels sind bereits erschienen in Conzelmann, A., Hänsel, F., & Höner, O. (2013). Individuum und Handeln – Sportpsychologie. In A. Güllich, & M. Krüger (Hrsg.), Sport – Das Lehrbuch für das Sportstudium (S. 269–335). Berlin: Springer.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 19.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 29.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Literatur

  • Alfermann, D. (2006). Führung im Sport. In H. Haag & B. Strauß (Hrsg.), Themenfelder der Sportwissenschaft (S. 79–90). Hofmann.

    Google Scholar 

  • Alfermann, D. (2010). Trainer- und Trainerinnenverhalten. In O. Stoll, I. Pfeffer, & D. Alfermann (Hrsg.), Lehrbuch Sportpsychologie (S. 149–172). Huber.

    Google Scholar 

  • Alfermann, D., Saborowski, C., & Würth, S. (1997). Entwicklung und Überprüfung der deutschsprachigen Meßinstrumente im Projekt „Soziale Einflüsse auf die Karriereübergänge bei jugendlichen Athletinnen und Athleten in Großbritannien und den neuen Bundesländern“ (DFG Az. Al 305/5-1). Unveröffentlichtes Manuskript, Sportwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Leipzig.

    Google Scholar 

  • Alfermann, D., Lee, M. J., & Würth, S. (2005). Perceived leadership behavior and motivational climate as antecedents of athletes’ skill development. Athletic Insight – The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 7(2), 14–36.

    Google Scholar 

  • Allen, J. B., & Howe, B. (1998). Player ability, coach feedback, and female adolescent athletes’ perceived competence and satisfaction. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 20(3), 280–299.

    Google Scholar 

  • Amorose, A. J., & Horn, T. S. (2000). Intrinsic motivation: Relationships with collegiate athletes’ gender, scholarship status, and perceptions of their coaches’ behavior. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22, 63–84.

    Google Scholar 

  • Amorose, A. J., & Horn, T. S. (2001). Pre- to post-season changes in the intrinsic motivation of first-year college athletes: Relationship with coaching behavior and scholarship status. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13(4), 355–373.

    Google Scholar 

  • Andrew, D. P. S. (2009). The impact of leadership behavior on satisfaction of college tennis players: A test of the leadership behavior congruency hypothesis of the multidimensional model of leadership. Journal of Sport Behavior, 32(3), 261–277.

    Google Scholar 

  • Auweele, Y. (2007). Psychology for physical educators (2. Aufl.). Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Barrick, M. R., Mount, M. K., & Judge, T. A. (2001). Personality and performance at the beginning of the new millennium: What do we know and where do we go next? International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 9(1–2), 9–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2389.00160

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bloom, G. A., Crumpton, R., & Anderson, J. (1999). A systematic observation study of the teaching behaviors of an expert basketball coach. Sport Psychologist, 13(2), 157–170.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cachay, K., Borggrefe, C., & Thiel, A. (2007). „Ich muss etwas vermitteln, ich muss überzeugen“ – Sozialkompetenz von Trainerinnen und Trainern im Spitzensport. Leistungssport, 37(1), 5–10.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (1978). A contingency model of leadership in athletics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Waterloo, Canada.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (1984). Discrepancy between preferences and perceptions of leadership behavior and satisfaction of atheletes in varying sports. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6(1), 27–41.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (1990). Leadership in sports: A review. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 21(4), 328–354.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (1993). Leadership. In R. N. Singer, M. Murphey, & L. K. Tennant (Hrsg.), Handbook of research on sport psychology (S. 647–671). MacMillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (1999). Human resource management in sport and recreation. Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P. (2007). Leadership in sports. In G. Tenenbaum & R. C. Ekland (Hrsg.), Handbook of sport psychology (3. Aufl., S. 113–135). Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P., & Haggerty, T. R. (1978). A normative model of decision styles in coaching. Athletic Administrator, 13(2), 6–9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P., & Riemer, H. A. (1998). Measurement of leadership in sport. In J. L. Duda (Hrsg.), Advances in sport and exercise psychology (S. 227–253). Fitness Information Technology.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P., & Saleh, S. D. (1978). Preferred leadership in sports. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 3, 85–92.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chelladurai, P., & Saleh, S. D. (1980). Dimensions of leadership behavior in sports: Development of a leadership scale. Journal of Sport Psychology, 2(1), 34–45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Conzelmann, A., Hänsel, F., & Höner, O. (2013). Individuum und Handeln – Sportpsychologie. In A. Güllich & M. Krüger (Hrsg.), Sport – Das Lehrbuch für das Sportstudium (S. 271–337). Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duda, J. L., & Whitehead, J. (1998). Measurement of goal perspectives in the physical domain. In J. L. Duda (Hrsg.), Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement (S. 21–48). Fitness Information Technology.

    Google Scholar 

  • Escarti, A., & Guzman, J. F. (1999). Effects of feedback on self-efficacy, performance and choice in an athletic task. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11(1), 83–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413209908402952

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fiedler, F. E. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. McGraw Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fleishman, E. (1953). Leadership climate, human relations training, and supervisory behavior. Personnel Psychology, 6(2), 205–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1953.tb01040.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gardener, D. E., Shields, D. L. L., Bredemeier, B. J. L., & Bostrom, A. (1996). The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors and team cohesion among baseball and softball players. The Sport Psychologist, 10, 367–381.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gebert, D., & von Rosenstiel, L. (2002). Organisationspsychologie (5. aktual. u. erw. Aufl.). Kohlhammer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hersey, P., & Blanchard, K. (1972). Management of organization behavior. Prentice Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hollembeak, J., & Amorose, A. J. (2005). Perceived coaching behaviors and college athletes’ intrinsic motivation: A test of self-determination theory. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(1), 20–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200590907540

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Horn, T. S. (1985). Coaches’ feedback and changes in children’s perceptions of their physical competence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77(2), 174–186. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.77.2.174

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Horn, T. S. (2002). Coaching effectiveness in the sport domain. In T. S. Horn (Hrsg.), Advances in sport psychology (2. Aufl., S. 309–354). Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Horne, T., & Carron, A. V. (1985). Compatibility in coach-athlete relationship. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7(2), 137–149.

    Google Scholar 

  • House, R. J. (1971). A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 321–338.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jowett, S., & Poczwardowski, A. (2007). Understanding the coachathlete relationship. In S. Jowett & D. Lavallee (Hrsg.), Social psychology in sport (S. 3–14). Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lewin, K., Lippitt, R., & White, R. K. (1939). Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created „social climates“. Journal of Social Psychology, 10(2), 271–299. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1939.9713366

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lord, R. G., De Vader, C. L., & Alliger, G. M. (1986). A meta-analysis of the relation between personality traits and leadership perceptions: An application of validity generalization procedures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 402–410. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.402

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mann, R. D. (1959). A review of the relationship between personality and performance in small groups. Psychological Bulletin, 56(4), 214–270. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0044587

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McCall, M. W. J. (1998). High flyers. Developing the next generation of leaders. Havard Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Neuberger, O. (2002). Führen und führen lassen (6. völlig neu bearb. u. erw. Aufl.). Lucius & Lucius.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ogilvie, B. C., & Tutko, T. A. (1966). Problem athletes and how to handle them. Palham Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ogilvie, B. C., & Tutko, T. A. (1970). Self-perceptions as compared with measured personality of selected male physical educators. In G. S. Kenyon (Hrsg.), Contemporary psychology of sport (S. 73–78). Athletic Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pfeffer, I., Würth, S., & Alfermann, D. (2004). Die subjektive Wahrnehmung der Trainer-Athlet-Interaktion in Individualsportarten und Mannschaftsspielen. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 11(1), 24–32. https://doi.org/10.1026/1612-5010.11.1.24

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Prati, G., & Pietrantoni, L. (2013). The effects of congruency and discrepancy of sport leadership behaviors on objektive perfromance. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 44(6), 546–564. https://doi.org/10.7352/IJSP2013.44.546

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Riemer, H. A., & Toon, K. (2001). Leadership and satisfaction in tennis: Examination of congruence, gender, and ability. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72(3), 243–256. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2001.10608957

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Roberts, G. C., Treasure, D. C., & Conroy, D. E. (2007). Understanding the dynamics of motivation in sport and physical activity. An achievement goal interpretation. In G. Tenenbaum & R. C. Ekland (Hrsg.), Handbook of sport psychology (3. Aufl., S. 3–30). Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • von Rosenstiel, L. (2006). Führung. In H. Schuler (Hrsg.), Lehrbuch der Personalpsychologie (S. 354–379). Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • von Rosenstiel, L., Molt, W., & Rüttinger, B. (2005). Organisationspsychologie (9. vollst. überarb. u. erw. Aufl.). Kohlhammer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seifriz, J. J., Duda, J. L., & Chi, L.-K. (1992). The relationship of perceived motivation climate to intrinsic motivation and beliefs about success in basketball. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 14(4), 375–391.

    Google Scholar 

  • Serpa, S., Pataco, V., & Santos, F. (1991). Leadership patterns in handball international competition. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 22(1), 78–89.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shields, D. L. L., Gardener, D. E., Bredemeier, B. J. L., & Bostro, A. (1997). The relationship between leadership behaviors and group cohesion in team sports. Journal of Psychology, 131(2), 196–210. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223989709601964

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L., & Hunt, E. (1977). A system for the behavioral assessment of athletic coaches. Research Quarterly, 48(2), 401–407. https://doi.org/10.1080/10671315.1977.10615438

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L., & Curtis, B. (1979). Coach effectiveness training: A cognitive-behavioral approach to enhancing relationship skills in youth sport coaches. Journal of Sport Psychology, 1(1), 59–75.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smoll, F. L., & Smith, R. E. (1989). Leadership behaviors in sport: A theoretical model and research paradigm. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19(18), 1522–1551. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1989.tb01462.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smoll, F. L., & Smith, R. E. (1993). Educating youth sport coaches: An applied sport psychology perspective. In J. M. Williams (Hrsg.), Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance (2. Aufl., S. 36–57). Mayfield.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smoll, F. L., & Smith, R. E. (2002). Coaching behavior research and intervention in youth sports. In F. L. Smoll & R. E. Smith (Hrsg.), Children and youth in sport (2. Aufl., S. 211–233). Kendall/Hunt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smoll, F. L., Smith, R. E., Curtis, B., & Hunt, E. (1978). Toward a mediational model of coach-player relationship. Research Quarterly, 49(4), 528–541. https://doi.org/10.1080/10671315.1978.10615567

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Stogdill, R. M. (1948). Personal factors associated with leadership. Journal of Psychology, 25(1), 35–71. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1948.9917362

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tett, R. P., Jackson, D. N., & Rothstein, M. (1991). Personality measures as predictors of job performance: A meta-analytic review. Personnel Psychology, 44(4), 703–742. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1991.tb00696.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tharp, R. G., & Gallimore, R. (1976). What a coach can teach a teacher. Psychology Today, 9(8), 74–78.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thiel, A., & Cachay, K. (2006). Sozialkompetenz von Trainerinnen und Trainern im Spitzensport. http://www.bisp.de/cln_051/. Zugegriffen am 15.07.2010.

  • Trail, G. T. (2004). Leadership, cohesion, and outcomes in scholastic sports. International Journal of Sport Management, 5(2), 111–132.

    Google Scholar 

  • Treutlein, G., Janalik, H., & Hanke, U. (1989). Wie Trainer wahrnehmen, denken, fühlen und handeln. Strauß.

    Google Scholar 

  • Treutlein, G., Hanke, U., & Janalik, H. (1992). Das Heidelberger Verfahren zur Diagnose und Veränderung von Trainerverhalten (HDVT). Leistungssport, 22(6), 59–64.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vallerand, R. J., & Losier, G. F. (1999). An integrative analysis of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11(1), 142–169. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413209908402956

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2019). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology (7. Aufl.). Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weiss, M. R., & Friedrichs, W. D. (1986). The influence of leader beahviors, coach attributes, and institutional variables on performance and satisfaction of collegiate basketball teams. Journal of Sport Psychology, 8(4), 332–346.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang, J., Jensen, B. E., & Mann, B. L. (1997). Modification and revision of the leadership scale for sport. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20(1), 105–122.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Frank Hänsel .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 Der/die Autor(en), exklusiv lizenziert durch Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE, ein Teil von Springer Nature

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Hänsel, F., Baumgärtner, S.D., Kornmann, J.M., Ennigkeit, F. (2022). Führung. In: Sportpsychologie. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-63616-9_9

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-63616-9_9

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-662-63615-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-662-63616-9

  • eBook Packages: Psychology (German Language)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics