Skip to main content

Load Management in Basketball

Abstract

“Load Management” has become a common term used in basketball, particularly in the National Basketball Association (NBA). While the media and spectators may interpret load management as removing players from competition (or training) and providing them with more rest, the reality is that when applied appropriately, well-established training principles provide players with the opportunity to perform at a high level, more often. This chapter discusses the concept of “load” and the capacity of athletes to tolerate load. Importantly, factors other than load that impact on load tolerance (e.g. sleep, travel and psychological stress) are discussed. The latest evidence surrounding training load, injury and performance is summarised and practical examples of how to interpret athlete management data are provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-61070-1_64
  • Chapter length: 8 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-662-61070-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 64.1
Fig. 64.2
Fig. 64.3
Fig. 64.4

References

  1. Soligard T, Schwellnus M, Alonso J, Bahr R, Clarsen B, Dijkstra P, et al. International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury: how much is too much? Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:1030–41.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Kibler WB, Chandler TJ, Stracener ES. Musculoskeletal adaptations and injuries due to overtraining. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1992;20:99–126.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Verhagen E, Gabbett T. Load, capacity and health: critical pieces of the holistic performance puzzle. Br J Sports Med. 2019;53:5–6.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Foster C. Monitoring training in athletes with special reference to overtraining syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998;30:1164–8.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Foster C, Daines E, Hector L, Snyder AC, Welsh R. Athletic performance in relation to training load. Wis Med J. 1996;95:370–4.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Sweet TW, Foster C, McGuigan MR, Brice G. Quantitation of resistance training using the session rating of perceived exertion method. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18:796–802.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Gabbett TJ. The training—injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder? Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:273–80.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. Aughey RJ, Elias GP, Esmaeili A, Lazarus B, Stewart AM. Does the recent internal load and strain on players affect match outcome in elite Australian football? J Sci Med Sport. 2016;19:182–6.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Lazarus BH, Stewart AM, White KM, Rowell AE, Esmaeili A, Hopkins WG, et al. Proposal of a global training load measure predicting match performance in elite sport. Front Physiol. 2017;8:930. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00930. eCollection

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  10. Caparros T, Casals M, Solana A, Pena J. Low external workloads are related to higher injury risk in professional male basketball games. J Sports Sci Med. 2018;17:289–97.

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  11. Anderson L, Triplett-McBride T, Foster C, Doberstein S, Brice G. Impact of training patterns on incidence of illness and injury during a women’s collegiate basketball season. J Strength Cond Res. 2003;17:734–8.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Weiss KJ, Allen SV, McGuigan MR, Whatman CS. The relationship between training load and injury in men’s professional basketball players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12:1238–42.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Gabbett TJ, Gahan CW. Repeated high-intensity effort activity in relation to tries scored and conceded during rugby league match-play. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11:530–4.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. Gabbett TJ, Kennelly S, Sheehan J, Hawkins R, Milsom J, King E, et al. If overuse injury is a “training load error” should undertraining be viewed the same way? Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:1017–8.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  15. Stares J, Dawson B, Peeling P, Drew M, Heasman J, Rogalski B, et al. How much is enough in rehabilitation? High running workloads following lower limb muscle injury delay return to play but protect against subsequent injury. J Sci Med Sport. 2018;21:1019–24.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  16. Gabbett TJ. Debunking the myths about training load, injury and performance: empirical evidence, hot topics and recommendations for practitioners. Br J Sports Med. 2020;54:58–66. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099784.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Hulin BT, Gabbett TJ, Pickworth NJ, Johnston RD, Jenkins DG. Relationships Among PlayerLoad, High-Intensity Intermittent Running Ability, and Injury Risk in Professional Rugby League Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2019;14:1–7. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0139. [Epub ahead of print].

  18. Bittencourt NF, Meeuwisse WH, Mendonca LD, Nettel-Aguirre A, Ocarino JM, Fonseca ST. Complex systems approach for sports injuries: moving from risk factor identification to injury pattern recognition-narrative review and new concept. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:1309–14.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Malone S, Hughes B, Doran DA, Collins K, Gabbett TJ. Can the workload-injury relationship be moderated by improved strength, speed and repeated-sprint qualities? J Sci Med Sport. 2019;22:29–34.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  20. Windt J, Zumbo BD, Sporer B, MacDonald K, Gabbett TJ. Why do workload spikes cause injuries, and which athletes are at higher risk? Mediators and moderators in workload—injury investigations. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:993–4.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tim J. Gabbett .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 ESSKA

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Gabbett, T.J. (2020). Load Management in Basketball. In: Laver, L., Kocaoglu, B., Cole, B., Arundale, A.J.H., Bytomski, J., Amendola, A. (eds) Basketball Sports Medicine and Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61070-1_64

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61070-1_64

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-662-61069-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-662-61070-1

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)