Skip to main content

Sekundäre Kopfschmerzsyndrome

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Klinische Neurologie

Part of the book series: Springer Reference Medizin ((SRM))

Zusammenfassung

Symptomatische oder sekundäre Kopfschmerzen sind keine eigenständige Erkrankung wie z. B. die Migräne, sondern Symptom einer anderen Grunderkrankung. Sekundäre Kopfschmerzen sind insgesamt deutlich seltener als primäre Kopfschmerzen und machen zusammen mit den Neuralgien etwa 8 % aller Kopfschmerzformen aus. Sekundäre Kopfschmerzen können unbehandelt zu einer erheblichen Morbidität oder sogar Mortalität führen und erfordern daher häufig sofortiges Handeln. Einige dieser Kopfschmerzformen, wie die Subarachnoidalblutung, können unerkannt bereits in kurzer Zeit letal enden oder wie im Falle einer unerkannten Sinusvenenthrombose oder Riesenzellarteriitis zu schweren neurologischen Schäden führen. Nicht immer ist die Diagnose einfach zu stellen, zumal das differenzialdiagnostische Spektrum der Erkrankungen, die mit Kopfschmerzen einhergehen, sehr breit ist und nicht alle Erkrankungen mit Routinebildgebung diagnostiziert werden können. Für das diagnostische Vorgehen sollte stets anhand der Anamnese und des Untersuchungsbefundes eine klinische Verdachtsdiagnose formuliert und entsprechend gezielte Zusatzdiagnostik veranlasst werden.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 249.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Literatur

Zitierte Literatur

  • Al-Mousawi AZ et al (2019) Reviewing the pathophysiology behind the advances in the management of giant cell arteritis. Ophthalmol Therapy 8(2):177–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Ashina H et al (2019) Post-traumatic headache: epidemiology and pathophysiological insights. Nat Rev Neurol:15(10): 607–617

    Google Scholar 

  • Bäuerle J, Egger K, Harloff A (2017) Idiopathische intrakranielle Hypertension. Nervenarzt 88(2):191–200

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bogduk N, Govind J (2009) Cervicogenic headache: an assessment of the evidence on clinical diagnosis, invasive tests, and treatment. Lancet Neurol 8(10):959–968

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Carmona FD, Gonzalez-Gay MA, Martín J (2013) Genetic component of giant cell arteritis. Rheumatology 53(1):6–18

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Chanlalit W, Teeyapant C, Soodchuen S (2018) Trochlear pain: clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes. J Neurol 265(2):376–380

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Debette S et al (2011) Differential features of carotid and vertebral artery dissections: the CADISP study. Neurology 77(12):1174–1181

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Diener H-C et al (2018) Chronic headache due to overuse of analgesics and anti-migraine agents. Dtsch Arztebl Int 115(22):365

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Diener H-C et al (2019) Pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of medication overuse headache. Lancet Neurol 18(9):891–902

    Google Scholar 

  • Ducros A, Wolff V (2016) The typical thunderclap headache of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and its various triggers. Headache: J Head Face Pain 56(4):657–673

    Google Scholar 

  • Duman T et al (2017) A multicenter study of 1144 patients with cerebral venous thrombosis: the VENOST study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 26(8):1848–1857

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dwyer B (2018) Posttraumatic headache. Semin Neurol 38:619. Thieme Medical Publishers

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Friedman DI (2019) Contemporary management of the pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. Expert Rev Neurother 19(9):881–893

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gross BA, Jankowitz BT, Friedlander RM (2019) Cerebral intraparenchymal hemorrhage: a review. JAMA 321(13):1295–1303

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Horowitz G et al (2013) Incidence of retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis (longus colli tendinitis) in the general population. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 148(6):955–958

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Jonas JB et al THELANCET-D-16-04979R3 [PII_REPLACE] Lancet 390(10108):2183–2193

    Google Scholar 

  • Kamm K, Ruscheweyh R, Straube A (2018) Das reversible zerebrale Vasokonstriktionssyndrom. Nervenheilkunde 37(01/02):43–49

    Google Scholar 

  • Kamm K et al (2019) RCVS and TGA: a common pathophysiology? J Neurol 266(11):2872–2874

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kjeldgaard D et al (2014) Chronic post-traumatic headache after mild head injury: a descriptive study. Cephalalgia 34(3):191–200

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kranz PG et al (2017) Update on the diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Curr Pain Headache Rep 21(8):37

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Larsen EL et al (2019) Acute and preventive pharmacological treatment of post-traumatic headache: a systematic review. J Headache Pain 20(1):98

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Lee AG et al (2014) An update on eye pain for the neurologist. Neurol Clin 32(2):489–505

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Macdonald RL, Schweizer TA (2017) Spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage. Lancet 389(10069):655–666

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Miller T et al (2015) Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, part 2: diagnostic work-up, imaging evaluation, and differential diagnosis. Am J Neuroradiol 36(9):1580–1588

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Nampiaparampil DE (2008) Prevalence of chronic pain after traumatic brain injury: a systematic review. JAMA 300(6):711–719

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ogunlaja OI, Cowan R (2019) Subarachnoid hemorrhage and headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep 23(6):44

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Olesen J (2018) Headache classification committee of the International Headache Society (IHS) The international classification of headache disorders, asbtracts. Cephalalgia 38(1):1–211

    Google Scholar 

  • Reinhold-Keller E et al (2005) Stable incidence of primary systemic vasculitides over five years: results from the German vasculitis register. Arthritis Care Res 53(1):93–99

    Google Scholar 

  • Shand B et al (2015) Clinical and demographical characteristics of patients with medication overuse headache in Argentina and Chile: analysis of the Latin American Section of COMOESTAS Project. J Headache Pain 16(1):83

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Silvis SM et al (2017) Cerebral venous thrombosis. Nat Rev Neurol 13(9):555

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Smith JH, Swanson JW (2014) Giant cell arteritis. Headache: J Head Face Pain 54(8):1273–1289

    Google Scholar 

  • Stacey A et al (2017) Natural history of headache five years after traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma 34(8):1558–1564

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Steiner T et al (2013) European Stroke Organization guidelines for the management of intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Cerebrovasc Dis 35(2):93–112

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tran TM, McClelland CM, Lee MS (2019) Diagnosis and management of trochleodynia, trochleitis, and trochlear headache. Front Neurol 10:361

    Google Scholar 

  • Villiger P (2019) Großgefäßvaskulitiden–Riesenzellarteriitis und Takayasu-Arteriitis. Internist 60(10):1059–1073

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wakerley BR (2019) Medication-overuse headache. Pract Neurol 19(5):399–403

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wang Y et al (2019) Characteristics and relative factors of headache caused by cervicocerebral artery dissection. J Neurol 266(2):298–305

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Weimar C et al (2019) Zerebrale Venen-und Sinusthrombose. Nervenarzt 90(4):379–387

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Weyand CM, Goronzy JJ (2013) Immune mechanisms in medium and large-vessel vasculitis. Nat Rev Rheumatol 9(12):731

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Zibis A et al (2013) Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle: case report and review of the literature. Eur Spine J 22(3):434–438

    Google Scholar 

Weiterführende Literatur

  • Abadie V et al (2014) Prevalence and prognostic value of headache on early mortality in acute stroke: the Dijon Stroke Registry. Cephalalgia 34(11):938–939

    Google Scholar 

  • Blockmans D (2003) The use of (18F) fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the assessment of large vessel vasculitis. Clin Exp Rheumatol 21(6; SUPP/32):S15–S22

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Borchers AT, Gershwin ME (2012) Giant cell arteritis: a review of classification, pathophysiology, geoepidemiology and treatment. Autoimmun Rev 11(6–7):A544–A554

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Chen S-P et al (2011) Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome: current and future perspectives. Expert Rev Neurother 11(9):1265–1276

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Curone M, Tullo V, Bussone G (2019) Headache attributed to IIH: clinical evolution in IHS criteria through the years. Neurol Sci 40(1):55–58

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Debette S (2014) Pathophysiology and risk factors of cervical artery dissection: what have we learnt from large hospital-based cohorts? Curr Opin Neurol 27(1):20–28

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ducros A (2012) Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. Lancet Neurol 11(10):906–917

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Feigin VL et al (2013) Incidence of traumatic brain injury in New Zealand: a population-based study. Lancet Neurol 12(1):53–64

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Grond-Ginsbach C et al (2013) Cervical artery dissection goes frequently undiagnosed. Med Hypotheses 80(6):787–790

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ko S-B, Choi HA, Lee K (2012) Clinical syndromes and management of intracerebral hemorrhage. Curr Atheroscler Rep 14(4):307–313

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mac Grory B et al (2018) Distinguishing characteristics of headache in nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Headache: J Head Face Pain 58(3):364–370

    Google Scholar 

  • Macdonald RL, Schweizer TA (2017) Spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage. Lancet 389(10069):655–666

    Google Scholar 

  • Maksimowicz-McKinnon K, Clark TM, Hoffman GS (2009) Takayasu arteritis and giant cell arteritis: a spectrum within the same disease? Medicine 88(4):221–226

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Melo TP, Pinto AN, Ferro JM (1996) Headache in intracerebral hematomas. Neurology 47(2):494–500

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mohammad AJ et al (2015) Incidence and mortality rates of biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis in southern Sweden. Ann Rheum Dis 74(6):993–997

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Prieto-González S et al (2012) Large vessel involvement in biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis: prospective study in 40 newly diagnosed patients using CT angiography. Ann Rheum Dis 71(7):1170–1176

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tofangchiha S, Rabiee B, Mehrabi F (2016) A study of exertional headache’s prevalence and characteristics among conscripts. Asian J Sports Med 7(3):e30720. eCollection 2016 Sep

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stefanie Förderreuther .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Förderreuther, S., Kamm, K. (2020). Sekundäre Kopfschmerzsyndrome. In: Berlit, P. (eds) Klinische Neurologie. Springer Reference Medizin. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-60676-6_83

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-60676-6_83

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-662-60674-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-662-60676-6

  • eBook Packages: Medicine (German Language)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics