Elektronische Medien, Internet, World Wide Web in den Neurowissenschaften und im Alltag

  • Hans J. Markowitsch
  • Margit M. Schreier


Die Bedeutung elektronischer Medien für den gegenwärtigen Lebensalltag wird herausgestrichen, wobei auch Beispiele aus Weltregionen herangezogen werden, die aufgrund ihrer dünnen Bevölkerungsdichte gegenwärtig schon stark auf Internetkommunikation angewiesen sind – z. B. im Bereich der Gesundheitsüberwachung und des Anbietens von Therapiemaßnahmen. Hingewiesen wird auf die positiven wie auch auf die negativen Seiten vermehrter Internetnutzung – insbesondere auch für das soziale Leben. Erwähnt werden bereits vorhandene Web-basierte Therapien, wie Mindfulness-basierte Interventionen und internetbasierte Programme zu nachhaltigen Verbesserungen der somatischen und psychischen Konstitution.


  1. Alley, S., Jennings, C., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Vandelanotte, C. (2016). Web-vased video-coaching to assist an automated computer-tailored physical activity intervention for inactive adults: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18, e223. Zugegriffen am 12.01.2018.
  2. Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Etgar, S. (2016). Intimacy and smartphone multitasking – a new oxymoron? Psychological Reports, 119, 826–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antonini, T. N., Raj, S. P., Oberjohn, K. S., & Wade, S. L. (2012). An online positive parenting skills programme for paediatric traumatic brain injury: Feasibility and parental satisfaction. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 18, 333–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Appel, M., & Schreiner, C. (2014). Digitale Demenz? Mythen und wissenschaftliche Befundlage zur Auswirkung von Internetnutzung. Psychologische Rundschau, 65, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Babcock, L., Kurowski, B. G., Zhang, N., Dexheimer, J. W., Dyas, J., & Wade, S. L. (2017). Adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury get SMART: An analysis of a novel web-based intervention. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health, 23, 600–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Basterfield, A., Dimitropoulos, G., Bills, D., Cullen, O., & Freeman, V. E. (2018). „I would love to have online support but I don’t trust it“: Positive and negative views of technology from the perspective of those with eating disorders in Canada. Health and Social Care in the Community, 26, 604–612. Google Scholar
  7. Bernecker, S. L., Banschback, K., Santorelli, G. D., & Constantino, M. J. (2017). A web-disseminated self-help and peer support program could fill gaps in mental health care: Lessons from a consumer survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research Mental Health, 4, e5. Zugegriffen am 16.03.2018.
  8. Boyd, R. N., Mitchell, L. E., James, S. T., Ziviani, J., Sakzewski, L., Smith, A., Rose, S., Cunnington, R., Whittingham, K., Ware, R. S., Comans, T. A., & Scuffham, P. A. (2013). Move it to improve it (Mitii): Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial of a novel web-based multimodal training program for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. British Medical Journal Open, 3, pii: e002853.–002853. Zugegriffen am 14.03.2018.
  9. Boyd, R. N., Baque, E., Piovesana, A., Ross, S., Ziviani, J., Sakzewski, L., Barber, L., Lloyd, O., McKinlay, L., Whittingham, K., Smith, A. C., Rose, S., Fiori, S., Cunnington, R., Ware, R., Lewis, M., Comans, T. A., & Scuffham, P. A. (2015). Mitii™ ABI: Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial of a web-based multi-modal training program for children and adolescents with an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). BMC Neurology, 15, 140.–015–0381–6. Zugegriffen am 16.05.2018.
  10. Burnett, S., Sebastian, C., Cohen Kadosh, K., & Blakemore, S. J. (2011). The social brain in adolescence: Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural studies. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1654–1664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carey, J. C., Wade, S. L., & Wolfe, C. R. (2008). Lessons learned: The effect of prior technology use on Web-based interventions. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 11, 188–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Crone, E. A., & Konijn, E. A. (2018). Media use and brain development during adolescence. Nature Communications, 9, 588.–018–03126-x. Zugegriffen am 13.06.2018.
  13. Damholdt, M. F., Mehlsen, M., O’Toole, M. S., Andreasen, R. K., Pedersen, A. D., & Zachariae, R. (2016). Web-based cognitive training for breast cancer survivors with cognitive complaints-a randomized controlled trial. Psychooncology, 25, 1293–1300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dong, G., & Potenza, M. N. (2015). Behavioural and brain responses related to Internet search and memory. European Journal of Neuroscience, 42, 2546–2554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fox, J., & Anderegg, C. (2014). Romantic relationship stages and social networking sites: Uncertainty reduction strategies and perceived relational norms on facebook. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 17, 685–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Frisbee, K. L. (2016). Variations in the use of mHealth tools: The VA mobile health study. Journal of Medical Internet Research Mhealth Uhealth, 4, e89. Zugegriffen am 10.04.2017.
  17. Glang, A., McLaughlin, K., & Schroeder, S. (2007). Using interactive multimedia to teach parent advocacy skills: An exploratory study. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 22, 198–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Harris, A. W., Kosic, T., Xu, J., Walker, C., Gye, W., & Redoblado Hodge, A. (2017). Web-based cognitive remediation improves supported employment outcomes in severe mental illness: Randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research Mental Health, 4, e30. Zugegriffen am 19.06.2018.
  19. Hatcher, S., Whittaker, R., Patton, M., Miles, W. S., Ralph, N., Kercher, K., & Sharon, C. (2018). Web-based therapy plus support by a coach in depressed patients referred to secondary mental health care: Randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research and Mental Health, 5, e5. Zugegriffen am 07.07.2018.
  20. James, S., Ziviani, J., Ware, R. S., & Boyd, R. N. (2015). Randomized controlled trial of web-based multimodal therapy for unilateral cerebral palsy to improve occupational performance. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 57, 530–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jung, S., Roh, S., Yang, H., & Biocca, F. (2017). Location and modality effects in online dating: Rich modality profile and location-based information cues increase social presence, while moderating the impact of uncertainty reduction strategy. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 20, 553–560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kerr, C. (2015). A web-based therapy program enhances occupational performance and visual perception in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Journal of Physiotherapy, 61, 160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kurowski, B. G., Wade, S. L., Dexheimer, J. W., Dyas, J., Zhang, N., & Babcock, L. (2016). Feasibility and potential benefits of a web-based intervention delivered acutely after mild traumatic brain injury in adolescents: A pilot study. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 31, 369–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. LaCoursiere, S. P. (2001). A theory of online social support. Advances in Nursing Science, 24, 60–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. LaMonica, H. M., English, A., Hickie, I. B., Ip, J., Ireland, C., West, S., Shaw, T., Mowszowski, L., Glozier, N., Duffy, S., Gibson, A. A., & Naismith, S. L. (2017). Examining internet and ehealth practices and preferences: Survey study of Australian older adults with subjective memory complaints, mild cognitive impairment, or dementia. Journal of Medicine and Internet Research, 19, e358. Zugegriffen am 11.01.2018.
  26. Lee, E. J., & Cho, E. (2018). When using facebook to avoid isolation reduces perceived social support. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 21, 32–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leung, L. (2007). Stressful life events, motives for Internet use, and social support among digital kids. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 10, 204–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li, W., Li, Y., Yang, W., Zhang, Q., Wei, D., Li, W., Hitchman, G., & Qiu, J. (2015). Brain structures and functional connectivity associated with individual differences in Internet tendency in healthy young adults. Neuropsychologia, 70, 134–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Linden, M., Hawley, C., Blackwood, B., Evans, J., Anderson, V., & O’Rourke, C. (2016). Technological aids for the rehabilitation of memory and executive functioning in children and adolescents with acquired brain injury. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 7, CD011020. Zugegriffen am 16.09.2017.
  30. Lukmanji, S., Pham, T., Blaikie, L., Clark, C., Jetté, N., Wiebe, S., Bulloch, A., Holroyd-Leduc, J., Macrodimitris, S., Mackie, A., & Patten, S. B. (2017). Online tools for individuals with depression and neurologic conditions: A scoping review. Neurology in Clinical Practice, 7, 344–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Marcano Belisario, J. S., Huckvale, K., Greenfield, G., Car, J., & Gunn, L. H. (2013). Smartphone and tablet self management apps for asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 11, CD010013. Zugegriffen am 19.06.2018.
  32. Masten, C. L., Telzer, E. H., Fuligni, A. J., Lieberman, M. D., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2012). Time spent with friends in adolescence relates to less neural sensitivity to later peer rejection. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 106–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Masten, C. L., Eisenberger, N. I., Pfeifer, J. H., & Dapretto, M. (2013). Neural responses to witnessing peer rejection after being socially excluded: fMRI as a window into adolescents’ emotional processing. Developmental Science, 16, 743–759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mayo-Wilson, E., & Montgomery, P. (2013). Media-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy and behavioural therapy (self-help) for anxiety disorders in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9, CD005330. Zugegriffen am 18.05.2018.
  35. McCabe, C., McCann, M., & Brady, A. M. (2017). Computer and mobile technology interventions for self-management in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 5, CD011425. Zugegriffen am 16.02.2018.
  36. McLaughlin, K. A., Glang, A., Beaver, S. V., Gau, J. M., & Keen, S. (2013). Web-based training in family advocacy. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28, 341–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Näsi, M., & Koivusilta, L. (2013). Internet and everyday life: The perceived implications of internet use on memory and ability to concentrate. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 88–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nyman, A., & Isaksson, G. (2015). Togetherness in another way: Internet as a tool for togetherness in everyday occupations among older adults. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 22, 387–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Olthuis, J. V., Watt, M. C., Bailey, K., Hayden, J. A., & Stewart, S. H. (2015). Therapist-supported Internet cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, CD011565. Zugegriffen am 09.03.2018.
  40. Park, B., Han, D. H., & Roh, S. (2017). Neurobiological findings related to Internet use disorders. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 71, 467–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pfeifer, J. H., & Blakemore, S. J. (2012). Adolescent social cognitive and affective neuroscience: Past, present, and future. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Piovesana, A., Ross, S., Lloyd, O., Whittingham, K., Ziviani, J., Ware, R. S., McKinlay, L., & Boyd, R. N. (2017). A randomised controlled trial of a web-based multi-modal therapy program to improve executive functioning in children and adolescents with acquired brain injury. Clinical Rehabilitation, 31, 1351–1363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pogoda, T. K., Carlson, K. F., Gormley, K. E., & Resnick, S. G. (2018). Supported employment for veterans with traumatic brain injury: Provider perspectives. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99, S14–S22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Raj, S. P., Zhang, N., Kirkwood, M. W., Taylor, H. G., Stancin, T., Brown, T. M., & Wade, S. L. (2018a). Online family problem solving for pediatric traumatic brain injury: Influences of parental marital status and participation on adolescent outcomes. Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation, 33, 158–166. Google Scholar
  45. Raj, S. P., Narad, M. E., Salloum, R., Platt, A., Thompson, A., Baum, K. T., & Wade, S. L. ( 2018b). Development of a web-based psychosocial intervention for adolescent and young adult survivors of pediatric brain tumor. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology, 7, 187–195.Google Scholar
  46. Shields, N. (2015). A web-based therapy program enhances occupational performance and visual perception in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Journal of Physiotherapy, 61, 160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sparrow, B., Liu, J., & Wegner, D. M. (2011). Google effects on memory: Cognitive consequences of having information at our fingertips. Science, 333, 776–778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Spitzer, M. (2012). Digitale Demenz: Wie wir uns und unsere Kinder um den Verstand bringen. München: Droemer Knaur.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Spitzer, M. (2015). Cyberkrank!: Wie das digitalisierte Leben unsere Gesundheit ruiniert. München: Droemer Knaur.Google Scholar
  50. Stillerova, T., Liddle, J., Gustafsson, L., Lamont, R., & Silburn, P. (2016). Could everyday technology improve access to assessments? A pilot study on the feasibility of screening cognition in people with Parkinson’s disease using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment via internet videoconferencing. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 63, 373–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Stratton, E., Lampit, A., Choi, I., Calvo, R. A., Harvey, S. B., & Glozier, N. (2017). Effectiveness of eHealth interventions for reducing mental health conditions in employees: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One, 12, e0189904. Zugegriffen am 06.01.2018.
  52. Tahaney, K. D., & Palfai, T. P. (2017). Text messaging as an adjunct to a web-based intervention for college student alcohol use: A preliminary study. Addiction and Behavior, 73, 63–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Toivonen, K. I., Zernicke, K., & Carlson, L. E. (2017). Web-based mindfulness interventions for people with physical health conditions: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19, e303. Zugegriffen am 28.07.2018.
  54. Trepka, M. J., Newman, F. L., Davila, E. P., Matthew, K. J., Dixon, Z., & Huffman, F. G. (2008). Randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of an interactive multimedia food safety education program for clients of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108, 978–984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Tsaousides, T., Spielman, L., Kajankova, M., Guetta, G., Gordon, W., & Dams-OʼConnor, K. (2017). Improving emotion regulation following web-based group intervention for individuals with traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 32, 354–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Unlü, B., Riper, H., van Straten, A., & Cuijpers, P. (2018). Guided self-help on the Internet for Turkish migrants with depression: The design of a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 11, 101.–6215–11–101. Zugegriffen am 12.06.2018.
  57. Wade, S. L., Walz, N. C., Carey, J. C., & Williams, K. M. (2008). Preliminary efficacy of a Web-based family problem-solving treatment program for adolescents with traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 23, 369–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wade, S. L., Oberjohn, K., Burkhardt, A., & Greenberg, I. (2009). Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a web-based parenting skills program for young children with traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24, 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. White, M., & Dorman, S. M. (2001). Receiving social support online: Implications for health education. Health Education Research, 16, 693–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Woods, S. P., Iudicello, J. E., Morgan, E. E., Verduzco, M., Smith, T. V., Cushman, C., & HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program (HNRP) Group (2017). Household everyday functioning in the internet age: Online shopping and banking skills are affected in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 23, 605–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans J. Markowitsch
    • 1
  • Margit M. Schreier
    • 2
  1. 1.Baden-BadenDeutschland
  2. 2.StuttgartDeutschland

Personalised recommendations