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Talentauswahl und -entwicklung im Sport

Zusammenfassung

Nachhaltiger Erfolg von Sportverbänden und -vereinen basiert auf einer adäquaten Talentförderung. Aufbauend auf grundlegenden Definitionen (Begabung, Expertise, Talent) werden Herangehensweisen der Talentforschung und Rahmenmodelle der Begabungs- und Expertiseforschung vorgestellt. Im Hauptteil werden sportpsychologische Merkmale wie kognitive Leistungsfaktoren (z. B. Entscheidungskompetenz) und persönlichkeitsbezogene Faktoren (z. B. Leistungsmotivation) im Hinblick auf die Auswahl und Entwicklung von Talenten betrachtet. Dies begründet eine stärkere Einbeziehung psychologischer Testverfahren und Interventionsansätze bei der Talentförderung. Allerdings sollten aufgrund begrenzter Effektgrößen bei der Prognose zukünftiger Leistungsfähigkeit sportpsychologische Merkmale nicht (alleinig) zur Talentselektion genutzt werden. Der Wert sportpsychologischer Diagnostik besteht im Monitoring relevanter Merkmale, um Förderpotenziale identifizieren und die Talententwicklung fundieren zu können.

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Abb. 22.1

(© master1305/Getty Images/iStock)

Abb. 22.2

(Nach Heller 2001, © Cambridge University Press 2005, mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Cambridge University Press; modifiziert nach Güllich 2013, S. 630; Hohmann 2009, S. 311, mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Andreas Hohmann)

Abb. 22.3

(Vereinfacht nach Gagné 2010, S. 83, reprinted by permission of the publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd, http://www.tandfonline.com)

Abb. 22.4

(Nach Bloom 1985, copyright © 1985 by Benjamin S. Bloom. Used by permission of Ballantine Books, an imprint of Random House, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. All rights reserved; Côté 1999; in Anlehnung an Hohmann 2009, S. 78, mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Andreas Hohmann)

Abb. 22.5
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Höner, O., Larkin, P., Leber, T., Feichtinger, P. (2020). Talentauswahl und -entwicklung im Sport. In: Schüler, J., Wegner, M., Plessner, H. (eds) Sportpsychologie. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-56802-6_22

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