• Kaoru Ohno
  • Keivan Esfarjani
  • Yoshiyuki Kawazoe


Although categorized as an engineering field which normally studies artificial materials, metallurgy has also treated natural objects in its long history. Metallurgy and Alchemy, which are the basis of present-day materials science, have also produced all the natural sciences, including chemistry and physics. The field of materials science is expanding rapidly to include amorphous, ceramic, polymer, and nanoscale materials.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaoru Ohno
    • 1
  • Keivan Esfarjani
    • 2
  • Yoshiyuki Kawazoe
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsYokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering and PhysicsUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.New Industry Creation Hatchery CenterTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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