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Nanomaterials in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

  • Yufeng Zhang
  • Rui Xue
  • Weijian Yuan
  • Xiaowei Liu
Chapter

Abstract

With the rapid development of modern science and technology in the current society, environmental conservation and taking advantage of new energy sources have become the core strategies of sustainable development for society. Micro-energy technology has boasted a huge potential in market demand and attracted a great deal of interest in research and development since it is safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly and meets the goals for portable devices on the exterior, weight, and endurance. Although significant advancements have been achieved for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) in recent years, PEMFCs still suffer from the key problems of low power density and fuel utilization, which are related, respectively, to poor reaction kinetics and methanol permeation through the membrane (viz., methanol crossover). Nanomaterials recently have attracted lots of attention owing to their distinguishing physical and chemical characteristics. Among them, carbon-based nanostructured materials such as graphene (G) and carbon nanotube (CNTs) have been successfully applied in fuel cells. PEMFC combined with nanostructured materials has remarkable improvements compared with the traditional fuel cells.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Funds of China (Agreement Codes 61404037 and 61376113).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yufeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Rui Xue
    • 1
  • Weijian Yuan
    • 1
  • Xiaowei Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.MEMS Center, Harbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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