Non-carbon Support Materials Used in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

Chapter

Abstract

To improve electrochemical performance of the fuel cell devices, various nanoscaled materials were produced using different methods such as colloidal chemistry, physical deposition, pyrolysis, and solid-state chemistry. Series of materials such as Pt-catalytic support materials are described and include doped metal oxides, carbides, nitrides, borides, mesoporous silica, metal, and conducting polymer-based support materials for Pt class of electrocatalysts. In this chapter, we summarized the recent developments in the advanced synthesis of electrodes for low-temperature fuel cells, cathode, and anode catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The structures of these materials were highly diversified, including core-shell, hybrid catalytic materials, and skinned-shell structures. We also discuss tolerance to acidic media and CO of catalysts supported by metal and mixed metal oxide nanocatalysts with mesoporous, hollow, or multilayered structures. Their representative catalytic applications in the fuel cell devices particularly in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), hydrogen oxidation reactions (HOR), and methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) are discussed. We highlighted perspectives for their challenges ahead and opportunities for their use in low-temperature fuel cells and PEMFCs. Based on the structural characterization and performance of the devices, we further listed the ideal support material characteristics to enhance the stability and durability of these carbon-based and non-carbon-based support materials for Pt and non-Pt nanocatalysts used in low-temperature fuel cells.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors would express thanks to Dr. Gong Hongyu and Ms. Zheng Xiangjun for their kindly help and to the National Nature Science Foundation of China (51572181, 51472009, 51172007) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (BK20151226), for their financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials InnovationS, College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy & Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nanoscience and TechnologySoochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory for Catalysis and Separation, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Environmental and Energy EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina

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