Processing and Displaying Images in Earth Sciences

  • Martin H. Trauth
  • Elisabeth Sillmann
Part of the Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment book series (STEGE)


Computer graphics are stored and processed as either vector or raster data. Most of the data types that were encountered in the previous chapter were vector data, i.e., points, lines and polygons. Drainage networks, the outlines of geologic units, sampling locations, and topographic contours are all examples of vector data. In this chapter, coastlines are stored in a vector format while bathymetric and topographic data are saved in a raster format. Vector and raster data are often combined in a single data set, for instance to display the course of a river on a satellite image. Raster data are often converted to vector data by digitizing points, lines or polygons. Conversely, vector data are sometimes transformed to raster data.

Supplementary material (183.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (ZIP 187818 kb) (771 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (ZIP 771 kb)

Recommended Reading

  1. Abrams M, Hook S (2002) ASTER user handbook—version 2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory and EROS Data Center, Sioux FallsGoogle Scholar
  2. Gonzalez RC, Woods RE, Eddins SL (2009) Digital image processing using MATLAB, 2nd edn. Gatesmark Publishing, LLCGoogle Scholar
  3. Mathworks (2016) Image Processing Toolbox—User’s Guide. The MathWorks, Natick, MAGoogle Scholar
  4. Trauth MH, Bookhagen B, Marwan N, Strecker MR (2003) Multiple landslide clusters record Quaternary climate changes in the NW Argentine Andes. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 194:109–121Google Scholar
  5. Trauth MH, Strecker MR (1999) Formation of landslide-dammed lakes during a wet period between 40,000–25,000 yr B.P. in northwestern Argentina. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 153:277–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Zuiderveld K (1994) Contrast limited adaptive histograph equalization. Academic Press Professional, Graphic Gems IV. San Diego, pp 474–485Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Earth and Environmental ScienceUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.BlaetterwaldDesignScientific PublicationsLandauGermany

Personalised recommendations