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Terminology

  • Simon Donell
Chapter

Abstract

Knots are integral to orthopedics, not only as part of the repair of tissues but also as a component of traction equipment. A stitch or suture is a loop of thread or yarn resulting from the passing of a needle. In surgery its function is to hold or bind tissues together. For the suture to maintain its function, it is secured by a knot. The word “knot” has a number of meanings in the English language. It can be:
  1. 1.

    Fastening made by looping a piece of string, rope, etc. on itself and tightening it

     
  2. 2.

    Tangled mass in something

     
  3. 3.

    Knob, protuberance, or node in a stem, branch, or root

     
  4. 4.

    Unpleasant feeling of tightness or tension in a part of the body

     
  5. 5.

    Small tightly packed group of people

     
  6. 6.

    Unit of speed equivalent to one nautical mile per hour

     
  7. 7.

    Small, relatively short-billed sandpiper (bird)

     

References

  1. 1.
    Hage JJ. Heraklas on knots: sixteen surgical nooses and knots from the first century A.D. World J Surg. 2008;32:648–55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Livermore RW, Chong AC, Prohaska DJ, Cooke FW, Jones TL. Knot security, loop security, and elongation of braided polyblend sutures used for arthroscopic knots. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010;39:569–76.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao C, Hsu C-C, Moriya T, Thoreson AR, Cha SS, Moran SL, An K-N, Amadio PC. Beyond the square knot: a novel knotting technique for surgical use. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:1020–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee S, Mahar A, Bynum K, Pedowitz R. Biomechanical comparison of bioabsorbable sutureless screw anchor versus suture anchor fixation for rotator cuff repair. Arthroscopy. 2005;21:43–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mahar AT, Moezzi DM, Serra-Hsu F, Pedowitz RA. Comparison and performance characteristics of 3 different knots when tied with 2 suture materials used for shoulder arthroscopy. Arthroscopy. 2006;22:614.e1–2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ESSKA 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwich Medical School, University of East AngliaNorwichUK

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