Important Spaceborne Missions and Multispectral Sensors

  • Ravi P. Gupta


Satellite orbital motion is governed by the Kepler’s Laws. Suitable designed sensors are placed on the satellite platform for repeated observations of the ground. The most important orbit for satellite remote sensing is the Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO). Most of the satellites such as Landsat, Spot, IRS/Resourcesat, Terra, JERS, ALOS, CBERS etc. have been placed in the SSO. Important sensors have included: MSS, TM, ETM+, ASTER, HRV, LISS etc. These sensors operate in a wide range of wavelength from visible, near-infrared to thermal infrared. The most important sensor for geologic remote sensing has been the ASTER sensor aboard Terra platform. Data from satellite platforms is relayed down to receiving stations for pre-processing, formatting and distribution to users.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth Sciences, Formerly Professor, Earth Resources TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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