Advertisement

Commercial Space Station Activities

  • Stella Tkatchova
Chapter
Part of the Space Technology Library book series (SPTL, volume 35)

Abstract

At present five space agencies, NASA, Roscosmos, ESA, JAXA and CSA (e.g. ISS partners), are operating the International Space Station in low Earth orbit (LEO). They own and operate their own modules and share some of the on-board experimental racks. The space station is the result of 25 years of international cooperation between the agencies. The station is a space laboratory that could host up to six astronauts, and its size corresponds to around two football playgrounds. The space agencies have planned the operational life of the ISS to last until 2024; however, there are discussions for prolonging it by 2028. Presently the ISS partners do not have long-term plans for building a next generation of space stations although there are various ideas. One of them is that after the launch of the Russian multipurpose module in 2019, the Russian ISS segment will be fully independent from the rest of the ISS in terms of power, communications and other resources. Permitting the separation of the Russian ISS modules, a Russian space station may be created which will even be fitted with inflatable modules (Zak 2016). In addition China has been looking at launching its own Chinese large modular space station in low Earth orbit around 2022. Researchers worldwide are invited to fly their experiments on board it.

References

  1. ESA. (2010). Human Spaceflight Users. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from ERISTO: http://www.spaceflight.esa.int/users/index.cfm?act=default.page&level=15&page=845
  2. ESA. (2015, March 1). Call for ideas: Space exploration as a driver for growth and competitiveness: Opportunities for the private sector. Noordwjik: ESA.Google Scholar
  3. I.O.F. (2005). International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF). Retrieved October 5, 2007 from www.iofbonehealth.org/
  4. Group, T.T. (2016). Start-up Space Raising investment in commercial space ventures. Alexandria, VA: The Tauri Group.Google Scholar
  5. Lynne, D. M. (2015). Beyond LEO: The role of ISS exploration.Google Scholar
  6. MCB. (2009). International Space Station lessons learned as applied to exploration. Kennedy Space Center.Google Scholar
  7. NASA. (2011). Commercial market assessment for crew and Crago systems. NASA.Google Scholar
  8. MDA. (2009). NeuroArm. Retrieved September 20, 2009 from MDA: http://sm.mdacorporation.com/what_we_do/neuroarm.html
  9. NASA. (2015a, October 21). Retrieved June 30, 2016, from Water Production in Space: Thirsting for a Solution: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/benefits/water_in_space
  10. NASA. (2016b, May 29). International space station. Retrieved from Multiple User System for Earth Sensing Facility (MUSES)-06.29.16: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/1282.html
  11. Smith, S. (2013). I'm a Doctor, Not an Astronaut. Space KSC.Google Scholar
  12. Space-X. (2015, September). About. Retrieved February 19, 2017, from http://www.spacex.com/about
  13. Tkatchova, S. (2006). From space exploration to commercialisation. Google Scholar
  14. Tkatchova, S. (2011a). Emerging markets and space applications. In S. Tkatchova (Ed.), Space-based technologies and commercialized development (pp. 132–133). Hershey: IGI Global.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tkatchova, S. (2011d). Space Station Lessons learned. In S. Tkatchova (Ed.), Space-based technologies and commercialized development (pp. 70–73). Hershey: IGI Global.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tkatchova, S. (2013, October 30). Future trends in space commercialization. ISC Summit Presentation. London.Google Scholar
  17. Zak, A. (2016, June 27). Russia’s plan to spin of a new space station from the ISS. Retrieved February 26, 2017, from Popular Mechanics: http://www.popularmechanics.com/space/a21543/russian-plan-new-space-station-iss/

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stella Tkatchova
    • 1
  1. 1.BrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations