A Formalization of the Greater Fools Theory with Dynamic Epistemic Logic
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The greater fools explanation of financial bubbles says that traders are willing to pay more for an asset than they deem it worth, because they anticipate they might be able to sell it to someone else for an even higher price. As agents’ beliefs about other agents’ beliefs are at the heart of the greater fools theory, this paper comes to formal terms with the theory by translating the phenomenon into the language and models of dynamic epistemic logic. By presenting a formalization of greater fools reasoning, structural insights are obtained pertaining to the structure of its higher-order content and the role of common knowledge.
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