Chapter 27 Employee Co-Determination at Board Level
German Labour Law provides for works council co-determination rights in accordance with the Works Constitution Act (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG). This form of co-determination can be described as employee participation “from below” and has already been explained in detail above (see Chap. 21 on Employee Representation). This must be distinguished from co-determination at board level (unternehmerische Mitbestimmung), which can be described best as employee participation “from above,” meaning monitoring the business management.