Diagnostics of Inguinal Hernias

  • Baukje Van Den HeuvelEmail author


For generations, careful physical examination of the groin in patients presenting with inguinal pathology has been regarded as an essential surgical skill. Already in the eighteenth century, the famous Dutch surgeon Petrus Camper emphasized: “Among the defects of our body there are none of any more concern therefore requiring precise investigation, than hernias” [12]. In current surgical practice, the presence of an inguinal hernia can be diagnosed quite accurately by history and physical examination, and additional diagnostic modalities are seldom needed [17, 28]. The presenting symptom of a groin hernia is either discomfort or pain in the groin in the majority of patients [10]. Approximately one third of all patients is asymptomatic at presentation and presents with the sign of a non-tender bulge in the groin.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryVUMCAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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