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Perception of Timbre and Sound Color

  • Albrecht Schneider
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Abstract

This chapter deals with perception of timbre or sound color. Both concepts can be distinguished in regard to terminology as well as to their historical and factual background even though both relate to some common features for which an objective (acoustic) basis exists. Sections of this chapter review in brief developments in (traditional and electronic) musical instruments as well as in research on timbre and sound color. A subchapter on sensation and perception of timbre offers a retrospective on classical concepts of tone color or sound color and reviews some modern approaches from Schaeffer's objet sonore to semantic differentials and multidimensional scaling. Taking a functional approach, acoustical features (such as transients and modulation) and perceptual attributes of timbre as well as interrelations between pitch and timbre are discussed. In a final section, fundamentals of sound segregation and auditory streaming are outlined. For most of the phenomena covered in this chapter, examples are provided including sound analyses obtained with signal processing methods.

3-D

three-dimensional

AC

autocorrelation

ACF

autocorrelation function

ADSR

attack, decay, sustain, release

AM

amplitude modulation

AuP

auditory pathway

BM

basilar membrane

BPM

beats per minute

CB

critical band

DL

difference limen

DSP

digital signal processing

FA

factor analysis

FFT

fast Fourier transform

FM

frequency modulation

IC

inferior colliculus

ILD

interaural level difference

ITD

interaural time difference

JND

just-noticeable difference

LTM

long-term memory

MDS

multidimensional scaling

PCA

principal component analysis

SF

spectral flux

SHS

subharmonic pitch summation

SPL

sound pressure level

VAME

verbal attribute magnitude estimation

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albrecht Schneider
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Systematic MusicologyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

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